Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Theologie - Didaktik, Religionspädagogik, Note: 1,3, Katholische Hochschule für Sozialwesen Berlin, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Jahr 2006, wurde ein weiterer Fall über Kindesmisshandlung in den deutschen Medien, bekannt. Es handelte sich um den Fall Kevin, ein zweijähriger Junge, der nach dem Tod der Mutter, trotz der Hinweise auf Misshandlungen, in die Obhut des Stiefvaters gegeben worden ist. Im Oktober 2006 wurde Kevin in dessen Kühlschrank gefunden. Bei der Obduktion stellten die Gerichtsmediziner neue und ältere Knochenbrüche und Verletzungen an den Genitalien fest. Hierbei kommen Fragen auf wie: Was geht im Kopf eines solchen Menschen vor? Was hat den Stiefvater dazu bewegt, Kevin zu Tode zu bringen? Wie konnte dieser Mann monatelang an den Kühlschrank gehen, sich seine Lebensmittel herausnehmen, wissend, dass in der Mülltüte der leblose Körper des zweijährigen Kevin befand. Dieser Fall, den ich im Jahre 2006 intensiv mitverfolgte, brachte mich zu meinem Thema der physischen Gewalt in der Erziehung. Schwerpunkt dieser Arbeit wird, wie oben bereits angedeutet, sich mit der Frage auseinandersetzen, aus welcher Motivation heraus sich Eltern für die körperliche Gewalt in der Erziehung entscheiden. Darüber hinaus, möchte ich die beiden mir bekannten Kulturen Italien – Deutschland vergleichen. Ich möchte sehen, ob es einen Unterschied gibt zwischen italienischen und deutschen Eltern, die in ihrer Kindheit Gewalt erfahren haben und wie diese sich auf die Erziehung der eigenen Kinder auswirken. Dazu habe ich im Rahmen dieser Arbeit mit zwei Elternteilen aus beiden Kulturen, in Deutschland lebend, Gespräche durchgeführt. Die befragten Personen, die aufgrund des sensiblen Themas, anonym bleiben wollten, lehnten jegliche Art von Aufnahme der Gespräche ab. Die Gespräche erfolgten in einem dyadischen gegenübersitzenden Gespräch, mit einem daraus entstandenen schriftlichen und überprüften Protokoll. Die Namen der beiden Personen werden aus datenschutzrechtlichen Gründen geändert. Im Anschluss an den Vergleich der beiden Kulturen, möchte ich einen Bezug zu den religiösen Argumenten nehmen. Diese ist mir ebenfalls besonders wichtig, denn häufig passiert der Fehler, durch das nicht verstehen biblischer Abschnitte die Gewalt in der Erziehung auf die Bibel verwiesen wird mit der Aussauge: „Wer sein Kind liebt, züchtigt es.“
Artisans of Democracy
Author: Jona Michael Rosenfeld, Bruno Tardieu
Publisher: University Press of America
Is extreme poverty inevitable in our affluent societies? The twelve case studies in Artisans of Democracy show how very poor people, ordinary citizens, and institutions (schools, the government, the news media, the courts, churches, universities, public utilities, unions, and small businesses) succeeded in creating alliances. They became partners in order to overcome social exclusion and radically change the inhuman conditions in which very poor people lived, as well as the practice and policies that lead to these conditions. The book then discusses implications for research, democratic theory and public policies and draws lessons for action that would enlighten any academician, professional, activist, practitioner, or citizen concerned by the persistence of extreme poverty. Tardieu and Rosenfeld present new ways to think and act toward overcoming poverty at the private or public local, national, or international levels.
Author: David Bohm
David Bohm is considered one of the best physicists of all time. He also had a deep interest in human communication and creativity. Influential in both management and communication theory in what is known 'Bohm Dialogue', On Dialogue is both inspiring and pioneering. Bohm considers the origin and very meaning of dialogue, reflecting on what gets in the way of "true dialogue". He argues that dialogue, as a radical form of exploration that allows different views to be presented, leads us beyond the impasse of conflict and argument to the forming of new views. With a new foreword by Dean Rickles.
This historical anthropology of the family represents a new departure in family studies. Over the past ten years or so, the social scientific sociological analysis of the family has undergone a change, and has been obliged to reconsider its traditional view that industrialisation triggered a shift within society from the 'large family', which fulfilled all social functions from socialising the children to caring for the sick and the old, to the modern nuclear family, which was regarded solely as being the locus for emotional relationships. Historians have shown that in the past there was in fact a great variety of different family structures within a wide range of varying demographic, economic and cultural frameworks, distinctive for each society. At the same time, the interaction between sociology and social anthropology has led to a clearer conceptual analysis of that vague, polysemic term 'family'; and notions of dwelling-place, descent, marriage, the relative roles of husband and wife and parent-child relations, as well as the more general relations between generations, have in a variety of past and present social contexts been taken apart and analysed. In this book, Martine Segalen reviews and synthesises a rich wealth of often little-known European and North American historical and social anthropological material on the family. This results in a reversal of the frequently held view of the family as an institution in decline, showing it instead to be both dynamic and resistant.
This report is part of WHO's response to the 49th World Health Assembly held in 1996 which adopted a resolution declaring violence a major and growing public health problem across the world. It is aimed largely at researchers and practitioners including health care workers, social workers, educators and law enforcement officials.
This book accurately describes the cognitive processes that lead to and are present in someone with an eating disorder. Several case histories on individuals with anorexia nervosa and obesity are presented. It probes the emotional causes and effects of abnormal eating patterns.
Being of Two Minds
Author: Arnold I. Goldberg
From the unfaithful husband to the binge eater, from the secret cross-dresser to the pilferer of worthless items, there are those who seem to live two lives, to be divided selves, to be literally of two minds. This division or "vertical split" appears in a person at odds with himself, a person who puzzles over, and even heartily dislikes, that parallel person who behaves in so repugnant a manner. In Being of Two Minds, Arnold Goldberg provides trenchant insight into such divided minds - their origins, their appearances, and their treatment. Goldberg's inquiry into divided minds leads to a return to the psychoanalytic concept of disavowal, which forms the basis of the vertical split. Goldberg explores the developmental circumstances that tend to a reliance on disavowal, provides numerous examples of the emergence of disavowal in the treatment situation, and considers the therapeutic approaches through which disavowal may be addressed. He is especially perceptive in discussing the manner in which the therapist's own tendency to disavow may collusively interact with that of the patient. Goldberg considers the full range of splits to which disavowal gives rise, from circumscribed instances of dissociation to the much-debated multiple personality disorders. He gives special attention to the role of the vertical split in patients with behavior disorders; here his thoughtful insights point to a treatment approach that significantly differs both from the simple ascription of a 'self disorder' and from the usual pedagogical emphasis on issues of self-control and/or punishment. As Goldberg shows, the repugnance felt by many therapists for offensive behaviors emanating from the patient's parallel self are frequently shared by the patient, who commonly despises misbehavior that he is unable to understand. Being of Two Minds begins to formulate just such understanding, to the great benefit of patient and therapist alike.
An enormous acceleration of history has occurred in the current decade, thereby radically changing world society in many respects. The core countries - grouped around the triad formed by the United States, Japan, and the European Union - have experienced successive waves of change marked by phases of ascent, unfolding, and decay of societal models. What seemed stable and predictable in past decades came close to collapse or broke down entirely. As a result, we are now living through a crisis of legitimation characterized by acute contradictions. A new order, with a fresh, basic consensus around an overarching set of norms that allows problems to be solved efficiently, has not yet crystallized.Western Society in Transition examines the succession of societal models of the Western world and indications of its probable shape in the future. Bornschier characterizes the 1985-1995 period as a decade of Third World debt and depression; continued economic decline in the United States; a steady ascent of Japan; Western Europe's move toward political union, and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Against this background, he sketches various elements of a theoretical perspective he calls evolutionary conflict theory. The primary focus of interest of this theory is not on single societies, but on measures of social transformation at the core of world society. Western Society in Transition deals with fundamental questions: How does social order arise and why does it dissolve? What provides social cohesion? What makes society progress? Institutional spheres of Western society such as technology, firms, the market, state building, education, power, conflict, and social movements are analyzed in detail.Peter Lengyel, editor emeritus of the International Social Science Journal says of Western Society in Transition, "I have never seen such a succinct, clear, and persuasive treatment which adroitly draws together elements from economics, history, sociology, and technology into a strictly contemporary kind of political economy." This timely assessment of the Western world will be of interest to social scientists, historians, economists, and international relations scholars.
Alcohol and Tobacco
Author: Otto-Michael Lesch, Henriette Walter, Christian Wetschka, Michie Hesselbrock, Victor Hesselbrock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Alcohol and nicotine addiction mostly occur together. Over the last ten years therapeutic aspects and motivational strategies have been considerably improved. Hence, groups and subgroups have been defined and can be treated with specific medication and tailor-made psychotherapies, leading in the long term to considerably better and more effective results than the once broadly applied, rigorous abstinence -based therapies. However, alcohol and nicotine addiction still represent major medical and social problems. In this book, new therapeutic approaches are comprehensively described, outlining the different interactions between personality, environment and the effects of the substance. In addition to prevention-based therapies and diagnosis, essential psychological and sociological strategies, as well as medication-based therapies, are also presented in detail. All of these therapies have realistic aims and are of global validity. In addition, the book provides a broad overview of the American and European epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions. The book is written for all those who care for and offer professional therapy for alcohol and nicotine-addicted patients.
The recent upheavals in the communist bloc reflect a yearning among its citizens for more democratization and civil liberties. Seeking models to emulate, many activists look toward the Western democratic states. The Federal Republic of Germany is one such model, yet its record on civil liberties is a mixed one, as Gerard Braunthal's incisive study shows. In the history of the Federal Republic of Germany, few government actions have created controversy as emotional, polemical, and long lasting as the Ministerial Decree of 1972 concerning "radicals" employed in public service. Aimed primarily at Communists, the decree prohibited from civil service posts anyone whose loyalty to the State was in serious question. Enactment of the measure led to a massive loyalty check of 3.5 million individuals, the rejection of 2,250 applicants for political reasons, disciplinary proceedings against 2,000 public servants, and dismissal of 256. It also spawned international protests and legal actions that continue even today. This book is the first comprehensive study of the 1972 decree. It is based on voluminous German archival sources and on interviews with political leaders, journalists, academicians, and individuals who were directly affected. Braunthal examines the cause and context of the decree, as well as its consequences. Although sharply critical of the measure, he has sought to offer a balanced assessment of its impact, presenting the views of both supporters and opponents. In a larger sense, the book explores a central question of democratic theory: Where should the line be drawn between the security of the state and the protection of individual rights?
A revised edition of Gardner's classic on the development of creativity. Illustrated throughout with children's art, this book is a systematic examination of the relation between youthful participation in the arts and the ultimate craftsmanship attained by gifted artists.
Dimensions of Authoritarianism
Author: John P. Kirscht, Ronald C. Dillehay
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
The concept of authoritarianism, first defined in The Authoritarian Personality published in 1950, has since been treated in a bewildering array of studies that have explored both its narrow psychological meaning and its broader social implications. In this volume, authors John P. Kirscht and Ronald C. Dillehay have provided a much-needed review of this growing subject, summarizing and evaluating about 260 studies that have appeared to date. Kirscht and Dillehay differentiate between the psychological and the sociological approach to authoritarianism, tracing the historical development of both schools of thought. They also outline three major views of authoritarianism: as antecedent to certain types of behavior (for example, ethnic prejudice), as the consequence of other variables (such as child rearing practices), or as a correlate of yet other processes(e.g. alienation); these views, in turn, suggest a variety of theoretical and methodological issues. The authors review, in addition, the multitudes of beliefs and behaviors thought to vary with authoritarianism, examining the validity of these relationships in empirical research. While the authors do not attempt to reformulate or redefine authoritarianism, they point up avenues for future research and single out significant research findings which are likely to offer the firmest ground for development.
Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts calls for rethinking the development of criminological theory. In her introduction, Joan McCord argues that the field is ready for new approaches and that its progress depends on a sound factual base. Examining the discipline's research design, methodology, and quantitative analysis efforts, the contributors identify significant advances in criminological theory. This empirical orientation results in a balanced blend of information and speculation. This book contains a comprehensive review. The first chapter describes biological conditions that have theoretical links with criminal behaviorâending with a discussion of how biological and social conditions may interact to influence criminal behavior. Early chapters discuss general issues related to crime. These are followed by expositions of theoretical orientations not typically found in criminological literature. The second half of the book describes seven longitudinal studies in four countries. The authors interpret their data to expose biological, social, and psychological factors they believe may influence criminal behavior. These contributors include: Guenther Knoblich and Roy King, Daniel Glaser, Robert A. Rosellini and Robin L. Lashley, Robert J. Sampson, Ellen S. Cohn and Susan O. White, Joan McCord, L. Rowell Huesmann and Leonard D. Eron, Robert Cairns and Beverly Cairns, Richard E. Tremblay, Patricia Cohen and Judith S. Brook, David P. Farrington and David Magnussen, Britt af Klinteberg, and Hakan Stattin. Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts addresses the observation of noted criminologist Marvin Wolfgang that criminological theory had stagnated. This groundbreaking work, available in paperback for the first time, is as relevant now as when first published. It should be read by all concerned with data-related approaches to criminology.
Author: John Archer
Publisher: Taylor & Francis