This book is rooted in an epistemological approach to sociology in which the boundaries between Western and non-Western sociologies are acknowledged and built on. It argues that knowledge is organised in conceptual spaces linked to paradigms and programmes which in turn are linked to ethnocentred knowledge processes; that until recently Western approaches, including Post-Colonial, French Social Science and American approaches, have dominated non-Western theories; and that Western theories have sometimes seemed incapable of explaining phenomena produced in other societies. It goes on to argue that the blurring of boundaries between Western and non-Western sociologies is very important; and that such a Post-Western approach will mean co-production and co-construction of common knowledge, the recognition of ignored or forgotten scientific cultures and a "global change" in sociology which imposes theoretical and methodological detours, displacements, reversals and conversions. The book brings together a wide range of Western and Chinese sociologists who explore the consequences of this new approach in relation to many different issues and aspects of sociology.
Author: Nicolas Le Roux
Publisher: Armand Colin
1515 Marignan. Qui ne connaît cette correspondance entre un millésime facile à retenir et la victoire remportée par François Ier dans le nord de l’Italie ? Cet essai d’histoire synchronisée entend replacer dans son contexte une bataille longtemps considérée comme une date majeure de l’histoire de France. Le début du xvie siècle fut un moment de circulation des hommes, des œuvres et des idées sans précédent. Les nouvelles formes artistiques inspirées par la redécouverte de la culture antique se diffusaient en Europe, et l’on a pu voir dans ce mouvement une véritable « renaissance » du Vieux Continent. Alors qu’Érasme défendait une vision renouvelée de la vie chrétienne et prônait la paix entre les créatures de Dieu, certains s’interrogeaient sur le sens profond des guerres qui ravageaient l’Ancien Monde et sur celui des « découvertes » ultra-marines. Ces événements n’annonçaient-ils pas la fin des temps ?
Vasco da Gama (?1469-1524) is well known as one of a generation of discoverers, along with Magellan, Cabral, and Columbus. Yet little is known about his life, or about the context within which he 'discovered' the all-sea route to India in 1497-99. This book, based on a mass of published and unpublished sources in Portuguese and other languages, delineates Gama's career and social context, focusing on the delicate balance between 'career' and 'legend'. The book addresses broad questions of myth-building and nationalism, while never losing sight of Gama himself.
Featuring updates and revisions that reflect recent historiography, this new edition of The Portuguese Empire in Asia 1500-1700 presents a comprehensive overview of Portuguese imperial history that considers Asian and European perspectives. Features an argument-driven history with a clear chronological structure Considers the latest developments in English, French, and Portuguese historiography Offers a balanced view in a divisive area of historical study Includes updated Glossary and Guide to Further Reading
Author: Sanjay Subrahmanyam
Publisher: Harvard University Press
When Portuguese explorers first arrived in India, the maritime passage initiated an exchange of goods as well as ideas. European ambassadors, missionaries, soldiers, and scholars who followed produced a body of knowledge that shaped European thought about India. Sanjay Subrahmanyam tracks these changing ideas over the entire early modern period.
Conquête ottomane de l’Égypte (1517) propose de mesurer l’impact de la défaite mamelouke face aux Ottomans sur les structures sociales, politiques et culturelles de l’Égypte, ainsi que sur les équilibres géopolitiques en Méditerranée, et d’étudier comment les contemporains perçurent l’événement. - Conquête ottomane de l’Égypte (1517) examines how far Sel?m Ist’s victory and the subsequent fall of the Mamluk sultanate altered the political, social and cultural structures in Egypt, how far it transformed the balance of powers in the Mediterranean, and how contemporaries perceived this major event.
Jules Verne, in this chief of his works, has set himself to tell the story of all the most stirring adventure of which we have any written record—to give the history, "from the time of Hanno and Herodotus down to that of Livingstone and Stanley," of those voyages of exploration and discovery which are among the most exciting episodes in the history of human enterprise. The wonderful journey of Marco Polo; the voyages of Columbus and Vasco da Gama; the conquests of Cortez and Pizarro; the old Arctic discoveries; the explorations of the Jesuit missionaries in North America—these exploits form a worthy subject for the most ambitious work of such a writer; and when he brings to the treatment of such material all the dash and vivid picluresqueness of his own creations, it may be imagined that he makes a book worth reading.
Author: Sven Trakulhun, Ralph Weber
Publisher: Lexington Books
This book transcends the sometimes narrow boundaries of the debates over modernities within the established academic disciplines and seeks to turn the unavoidable friction brought about by this interdisciplinary setting into most original and insightful scholarship.
Textures of Time
Author: Vēlcēru Nārāyaṇarāvu, Velcheru Narayana Rao, David Dean Shulman, Sanjay Subrahmanyam
Publisher: Other Press, LLC
Along with the clock and the railroad, did the British colonists bring the questionable gift of history to India? Generations of Western writers have claimed that historical consciousness did not exist in India before its conquest by the British at the end of the eighteenth century, assuming that Indians in pre-colonial times were indifferent to historical fact and approached their past through myth, legend, and story. Nearly a thousand years ago, the great scholar Al-Biruni complained that, "unfortunately, the Hindus do not pay much attention to the historical order of things. They are very careless in relating the chronological succession of kings, and when pressed for information ... invariably take to tale-telling." Until now this had been the received wisdom of the West, repeated with little variation by post-colonial historians. Textures of Time sets out not merely to disprove that idea, but to demonstrate through a brilliant blend of storytelling and scholarship the complex forms of history that were produced in South India between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Through a nuanced reading of the rich language of folk epic, courtly poetry, and prose narratives, the authors reveal a subtle but distinct divide between fact and fiction in South Indian writings and make a clear case for the existence of historical narrative in precolonial India.
A fresh compilation of essays and entries based on the latest research, this work documents African American culture and political activism from the slavery era through the 20th century. • Contributions from over 100 specialists on African America and the African diaspora • A spectacular selection of illustrations and photographs, such as a Kongo cosmogram, the African burial ground in New York City, and maps of the Triangular Trade and the Underground Railroad
Author: Sanjay Subrahmanyam
Publisher: Harvard University Press
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the court was the crucial site where expanding Eurasian states and empires met and made sense of one another. Richly illustrated, Courtly Encounters provides a fresh cross-cultural perspective on early modern Islam, Counter-Reformation Catholicism, Protestantism, and a newly emergent Hindu sphere.