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Uma História Social do Conhecimento 1

Uma História Social do Conhecimento 1

Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: Zahar
ISBN: 8537808776
Pages: 241
Year: 2003-04-29
"Conhecimento" e "informação" atualmente são termos indissociáveis das denominações para a economia, a sociedade e a era em que vivemos. O conhecimento tornou-se ainda uma questão política de importância, centrada no caráter público ou privado da informação, e de sua natureza mercantil ou social. Mas apesar de a grande expansão de meios disseminadores de conhecimento ser a marca dos tempos atuais, a mercantilização da informação não é uma exclusividade de nossa época. No século XVII, por exemplo, era comum ensinar por dinheiro nas escolas e universidades ou em palestras públicas, e durante a Revolução Científica, a propriedade intelectual das descobertas gerava ásperas disputas. Nesse novo livro, Peter Burke acompanha a história do conhecimento, a evolução nas formas de sua distribuição e disseminação, o controle pela Igreja e pelo Estado, sua comercialização e a organização de centros de conhecimento, analisando ainda estudos de sociologia do conhecimento, que começaram a tomar forma no início do século XX. O livro é baseado em consultas aos primeiros textos da Idade Moderna feitas ao longo de quarenta anos e fruto de conferências e seminários apresentados pelo historiador em países da Europa, Ásia e América do Sul.
Resenha do ""uma história social do conhecimento

Resenha do ""uma história social do conhecimento

Author: Jorge Zahar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 6
Year: 2000

Uma história social do conhecimento 2

Uma história social do conhecimento 2

Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: Zahar
ISBN: 8537808962
Pages: 414
Year: 2012-08-15
Enfim, chega a esperada continuação de "Uma história social do conhecimento", resultado de décadas de pesquisa de Peter Burke sobre o tema. O livro começa exatamente onde termina o primeiro volume, por volta de 1750, e percorre um caminho que vai da publicação da Enciclopédia francesa até o fenômeno da Wikipédia. O autor mostra como a tarefa de coletar conhecimento, analisar e disseminar mudou de acordo com o período. E discute temas como a democratização, a globalização e a tecnologização. Ao longo do processo, há sempre uma preocupação em mostrar como esses avanços são contrabalançados com perdas. Afinal, a aquisição e a acumulação do conhecimento não é uma história vitoriosa, que pode ser contada como um constante progresso. Pagamos um preço por optar, por exemplo, pela especialização, em vez de um conhecimento geral. "Apenas a tecnologização parece avançar sem encontrar maiores obstáculos", defende o autor no livro. Esse volume pode ser lido sozinho, ou como continuação do primeiro: "Gutenberg a Diderot". O leitor é brindado com uma visão abrangente e profunda das transformações no mundo do saber.
Social History of Knowledge

Social History of Knowledge

Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745676863
Pages: 648
Year: 2013-06-06
In this book Peter Burke adopts a socio-cultural approach to examine the changes in the organization of knowledge in Europe from the invention of printing to the publication of the French Encyclopédie. The book opens with an assessment of different sociologies of knowledge from Mannheim to Foucault and beyond, and goes on to discuss intellectuals as a social group and the social institutions (especially universities and academies) which encouraged or discouraged intellectual innovation. Then, in a series of separate chapters, Burke explores the geography, anthropology, politics and economics of knowledge, focusing on the role of cities, academies, states and markets in the process of gathering, classifying, spreading and sometimes concealing information. The final chapters deal with knowledge from the point of view of the individual reader, listener, viewer or consumer, including the problem of the reliability of knowledge discussed so vigorously in the seventeenth century. One of the most original features of this book is its discussion of knowledges in the plural. It centres on printed knowledge, especially academic knowledge, but it treats the history of the knowledge 'explosion' which followed the invention of printing and the discovery of the world beyond Europe as a process of exchange or negotiation between different knowledges, such as male and female, theoretical and practical, high-status and low-status, and European and non-European. Although written primarily as a contribution to social or socio-cultural history, this book will also be of interest to historians of science, sociologists, anthropologists, geographers and others in another age of information explosion.
Montaigne

Montaigne

Author: Hugo Friedrich
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 441
Year: 1993

Processos de construção das práticas de escolarização em Pernambuco, em fins do século XVIII e primeira metade do século XIX

Processos de construção das práticas de escolarização em Pernambuco, em fins do século XVIII e primeira metade do século XIX

Author: Adriana Maria Paulo da Silva
Publisher: Editora Universitária UFPE
ISBN: 8573154691
Pages: 398
Year: 2007
A partir da análise de documentos governamentais históricos, a autora analisa a formação, funcionamento, controle e manutenção das práticas públicas de instrução primária em Pernambuco, na transição entre os séculos XVIII e XIX. Ela analisa a relação direta entre a política da elite local com as políticas públicas, analisando também o caráter constitutivo dos grupos de professores e de alunos que frequentavam essa educação formal, e os aspectos principais de sua posição na instituição escolar. É um livro indicado pra profissionais da Educação, da História e da Pedagogia, e constitui rica fonte de conhecimento para o leigo na história da educação pernambucana.
A ficção cética

A ficção cética

Author: Gustavo Bernardo
Publisher: Annablume
ISBN: 8574194433
Pages: 272
Year: 2004
'Dubito ergo sum, vel quod item est, cogito ergo sum', disse René Descartes, mostrando que pensar é a mesma coisa que duvidar. O ensaio 'A ficção cética' parte dessa sentença para discutir a presença do ceticismo na literatura, entendendo-o constitutivo e
A escrita do historiador

A escrita do historiador

Author: Zila Márcia Grícoli Iokoi
Publisher: SciELO - Editora UNESP
ISBN: 8595462984
Pages: 232
Year: 2018-09-10
O conceito de cosmovisão, ao qual pouco se recorre nos processos analíticos por parte de historiadores e demais pesquisadores de humanidades, será uma ferramenta fundamental que norteará os temas abordados neste livro, a começar com a análise de Zilda Iokoi sobre Coroas de glória, lágrimas de sangue, livro de Emília Viotti da Costa. Além do livro de Emília, obras de historiadores como E. P. Thompson, Nicolau Sevcenko, Aby Warburg, Tzvetan Todorov, Peter Burke e Chalmers Johnson serão igualmente objeto de exame das reflexões que compõem este volume. Em todos esses casos, autores diversos e temas por vezes díspares sugerem visita ou revisita, sempre instigante, ao clássico tema do significado de História e da tarefa do historiador.
A Social History of Knowledge II

A Social History of Knowledge II

Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745659616
Pages: 248
Year: 2013-04-17
Peter Burke follows up his magisterial Social History of Knowledge, picking up where the first volume left off around 1750 at the publication of the French Encyclopédie and following the story through to Wikipedia. Like the previous volume, it offers a social history (or a retrospective sociology of knowledge) in the sense that it focuses not on individuals but on groups, institutions, collective practices and general trends. The book is divided into 3 parts. The first argues that activities which appear to be timeless - gathering knowledge, analysing, disseminating and employing it - are in fact time-bound and take different forms in different periods and places. The second part tries to counter the tendency to write a triumphalist history of the 'growth' of knowledge by discussing losses of knowledge and the price of specialization. The third part offers geographical, sociological and chronological overviews, contrasting the experience of centres and peripheries and arguing that each of the main trends of the period - professionalization, secularization, nationalization, democratization, etc, coexisted and interacted with its opposite. As ever, Peter Burke presents a breath-taking range of scholarship in prose of exemplary clarity and accessibility. This highly anticipated second volume will be essential reading across the humanities and social sciences.
The Reformed Librarie-keeper

The Reformed Librarie-keeper

Author: John Dury
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 71
Year: 1906

Introduction to the Study of History

Introduction to the Study of History

Author: Charles Victor Langlois, Charles Seignobos
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 349
Year: 1903

The Fabrication of Louis XIV

The Fabrication of Louis XIV

Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300059434
Pages: 242
Year: 1994
Louis XIV was a man like any other, but the money and attention lavished on his public image by the French government transformed him into a godlike figure. In this engrossing book, an internationally respected historian gives an account of contemporary representations of Louis XIV and shows how the making of the royal image illuminates the relationship between art and power. Images of Louis XIV included hundreds of oil paintings and engravings, three-hundred-odd medals struck to commemorate the major events of the reign, sculptures, and bronzes, as well as plays, ballets (in which the king himself sometimes appeared on stage), operas, odes, sermons, official newspapers and histories, fireworks, fountains, and tapestries. Drawing on an analysis of these representations as well as on surviving documentary sources, Peter Burke shows the conscious attempt to "invent" the image of the king and reveals how the supervision of the royal image was entrusted to a commitee, the so-called small academy. This book is not only a fascinating chronological study of the mechanics of the image-making of a king over the course of a seventy-year reign but is also an investigation into the genre of cultural construction. Burke discusses the element of propaganda implicit in image-making, the manipulation of seventeenth-century media of communication (oral, visual, and textual) and their codes (literary and artistic), and the intended audience and its response. He concludes by comparing and contrasting Louis's public image with that of other rulers ranging from Augustus to contemporary American presidents.
The Modern Invention of Information

The Modern Invention of Information

Author: Ronald E Day
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 0809328488
Pages: 139
Year: 2008-02-20
In The Modern Invention of Information: Discourse, History, and Power, Ronald E. Day provides a historically informed critical analysis of the concept and politics of information. Analyzing texts in Europe and the United States, his critical reading method goes beyond traditional historiographical readings of communication and information by engaging specific historical texts in terms of their attempts to construct and reshape history. After laying the groundwork and justifying his method of close reading for this study, Day examines the texts of two pre–World War II documentalists, Paul Otlet and Suzanne Briet. Through the work of Otlet and Briet, Day shows how documentation and information were associated with concepts of cultural progress. Day also discusses the social expansion of the conduit metaphor in the works of Warren Weaver and Norbert Wiener. He then shows how the work of contemporary French multimedia theorist Pierre Lévy refracts the earlier philosophical writings of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari through the prism of the capitalist understanding of the “virtual society.” Turning back to the pre–World War II period, Day examines two critics of the information society: Martin Heidegger and Walter Benjamin. He explains Heidegger’s philosophical critique of the information culture’s model of language and truth as well as Benjamin’s aesthetic and historical critique of mass information and communication. Day concludes by contemplating the relation of critical theory and information, particularly in regard to the information culture’s transformation of history, historiography, and historicity into positive categories of assumed and represented knowledge.
Exploring Cultural History

Exploring Cultural History

Author: Melissa Calaresu, Joan-Pau Rubies, Filippo de Vivo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351937634
Pages: 394
Year: 2016-12-05
Over the past 30 years, cultural history has moved from the periphery to the centre of historical studies, profoundly influencing the way we look at and analyze all aspects of the past. In this volume, a distinguished group of international historians has come together to consider the rise of cultural history in general, and to highlight the particular role played in this rise by Peter Burke, the first professor of Cultural History at the University of Cambridge and one of the most prolific and influential authors in the field. Reflecting the many and varied interests of Peter Burke, the essays in this volume cover a broad range of topics, geographies and chronologies. Grouped into four sections, 'Historical Anthropology', 'Politics and Communication', 'Images' and 'Cultural Encounters', the collection explores the boundaries and possibilities of cultural history; each essay presenting an opportunity to engage with the wider issues of the methods and problems of cultural history, and with Peter Burke's contributions to each chosen theme. Taken as a whole the collection shows how cultural history has enriched the ways in which we understand the traditional fields of political, economic, literary and military history, and permeates much of what we now understand as social history. It also demonstrates how cultural history is now at the heart of the coming together of traditional disciplines, providing a meeting ground for a variety of interests and methodologies. Offering a wide international perspective, this volume complements another Ashgate publication, Popular Culture in Early Modern England, which focuses on Peter Burke's influence on the study of popular culture in English history.
Common Knowledge?

Common Knowledge?

Author: Dariusz Jemielniak
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804791201
Pages: 320
Year: 2014-05-14
With an emphasis on peer–produced content and collaboration, Wikipedia exemplifies a departure from traditional management and organizational models. This iconic "project" has been variously characterized as a hive mind and an information revolution, attracting millions of new users even as it has been denigrated as anarchic and plagued by misinformation. Have Wikipedia's structure and inner workings promoted its astonishing growth and enduring public relevance? In Common Knowledge?, Dariusz Jemielniak draws on his academic expertise and years of active participation within the Wikipedia community to take readers inside the site, illuminating how it functions and deconstructing its distinctive organization. Against a backdrop of misconceptions about its governance, authenticity, and accessibility, Jemielniak delivers the first ethnography of Wikipedia, revealing that it is not entirely at the mercy of the public: instead, it balances open access and power with a unique bureaucracy that takes a page from traditional organizational forms. Along the way, Jemielniak incorporates fascinating cases that highlight the tug of war among the participants as they forge ahead in this pioneering environment.