Author: Stephen Smith
« L’Afrique noire est mal partie », alertait René Dumont en 1962, alors que le « soleil des indépendances » venait de se lever sur le continent, résolu à prendre son destin en main. Quarante ans plus tard, mal partie et jamais arrivée, l’Afrique se meurt : 3,3 millions de victimes dans la guerre au Congo-Kinshasa, 800 000 Tutsi massacrés lors du génocide au Rwanda, 200 000 Hutu tués au cours de leur fuite à travers l’ex-Zaïre, 300 000 morts au Burundi, autant en Somalie, sans parler du Soudan, du Congo-Brazzaville, du Liberia, de la Sierra Leone, de la Côte d’Ivoire... La moitié du continent est dévastée par des « guerres d’écorcheurs » ; l’autre vivote entre crise et corruption, tribalisme et anarchie. Émigration clandestine, fuite des cerveaux : les meilleurs partent. Dans nombre de pays, les fonctionnaires cumulent des mois, voire des années, d’arriérés de salaire, les hôpitaux sont des mouroirs, les écoles fermées. L’État s’effondre. Seuls quelques îlots émergent dans un océan de malheur. Le sida frappe partout, emporte les élites, réduit l’espérance de vie de quinze à vingt ans. Pourquoi l’Afrique meurt-elle ? Après avoir été martyrisée par la traite esclavagiste et soumise par le colonialisme, l’Afrique, handicapée dans le commerce international, en retard sur tous les plans, se suicide. Ses habitants, tétanisés par un présent qui n’a pas d’avenir, s’enferment dans un autisme identitaire. Face à la mondialisation, ils capitulent en postulant « l’homme noir » irréductible à l’universel.
Author: Stephen Smith, Simon Forty
The 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler was the spearhead of the assault by Sepp Dietrich's Sixth Panzer Armee on the northern flank of the German Ardennes offensive. Divided into Kampfgruppen, the lead was Kampfgruppe Peiper whose armored force included SS Heavy Tank Battalion 501 equipped with King Tigers. The attack was launched on a snowy, freezing December 16, but from the outset, the division lost time against schedule. It captured a fuel dump at Bullingen, but brave defense forced Peiper onto the southern Rollbahn D whose tight, winding roads proved difficult to negotiate and soon the Kampfgruppe was strung out over 25 kilometers with its heavy armor--the King Tigers--slowly losing ground as vehicle after vehicle succumbed to automotive failures. Pushing through Stavelot and Trois Pont, the advanced units of the Kampfgruppe reached Stoumont before lack of fuel--the Americans had retaken Stavelot and closed off the route for German resupply--and US Army action forced it to halt at La Gleize. Six days later, on Christmas Eve, with no hope and no fuel, Peiper and his men abandoned their vehicles and made their way back to their lines: only 770 got there. They left behind 135 armored vehicles including the King Tiger that today stands in front of the museum at La Gleize. They also left scattered on their route the murdered bodies of US servicemen--at Malmedy, Ligneuville, and Wereth--and civilians, massacres that would lead to postwar trials and continued recriminations. The Past & Present Series reconstructs historical battles by using photography, juxtaposing modern views with those of the past together with concise explanatory text. It shows how much infrastructure has remained and how much such as outfits, uniforms, and ephemera has changed, providing a coherent link between now and then.
"Until now a key chapter has been missing from the history of contemporary Africa, namely the role played by student movements in the social and political evolution of the continent. While extensive studies have been made of the various independence movements, trades unions and so forth, little or nothing was done to give an account of student movements until very recently. That gap has now been filled by the publication of the present work, which is Volume 12 in the series entitled 'The general history of Africa studies and documents'." "It will be seen that some of the great names associated with public life in post-independence Africa established their reputations long before as leading lights in the student movements, e.g. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Hastings Banda, Cheikh Anta Diop, Jomo Kenyatta, Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow and Kwame Nkrumah, to mention but a few. They stepped from those student platforms straight into the political or trades-union arena. There are rich pickings for researchers who would compare the ideas that those figures upheld as students with the choices they were later to make in administrating their states. One of the authors of the present work inquires whether there has been genuine class struggle or mere jockeying for position. However, that is outside the scope of the present work and the answer should be sought in the individual biographies of these eminent persons."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Strange Death of Europe is the internationally bestselling account of a continent and a culture caught in the act of suicide, now updated with new material taking in developments since it was first published to huge acclaim. These include rapid changes in the dynamics of global politics, world leadership and terror attacks across Europe. Douglas Murray travels across Europe to examine first-hand how mass immigration, cultivated self-distrust and delusion have contributed to a continent in the grips of its own demise. From the shores of Lampedusa to migrant camps in Greece, from Cologne to London, he looks critically at the factors that have come together to make Europeans unable to argue for themselves and incapable of resisting their alteration as a society. Murray's "tremendous and shattering" book (The Times) addresses the disappointing failures of multiculturalism, Angela Merkel's U-turn on migration, the lack of repatriation and the Western fixation on guilt, uncovering the malaise at the very heart of the European culture. His conclusion is bleak, but the predictions not irrevocable. As Murray argues, this may be our last chance to change the outcome, before it's too late.
Dark Heart of the Night
Author: Léonora Miano
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
What is Africa’s own “heart of darkness”? It is what confronts Ayané when, after three years abroad, she returns to the Central African village of her birth. Now an “outsider” with foreign ways distrusted by her fellow villagers, she must face alone the customs and superstitions that bind this clan of men and women. When invading militia organize a horrific ceremony that they claim will help reunite Africa, Ayané is forced to confront the monstrosity of the act that follows, as well as the responsibility that all the villagers must bear for silently accepting evil done in their name. Through Ayané’s unwilling witness, Léonora Miano probes the themes of submission and responsibility and questions the role of Africans in the suffering of their fellows. Also exploring African identity, Dark Heart of the Night is a profoundly disturbing novel in its evocation of the darkest side of people driven by their instinct to survive.
Taxation is crucial to the functioning of the modern state. Tax revenues pay for public services - roads, the courts, defence, welfare assistance to the poor and elderly, and in many countries much of health care and education too. More than one third of national income in the industrialized (OECD) countries is on average taken in taxation. Taxes affect individuals in many ways. Taxes paid on income and spending directly reduce taxpayer disposable income, taxpayers face the hassle of tax returns and making payments, and they may be anxious about the possibility of investigation and enforcement action. People also adapt their activities in various ways to reduce the impact of taxation - putting money into tax-free savings accounts, or making shopping trips to other countries where taxes are lower. Taxation is therefore central to politics and public debate. Politicians that make reckless campaign promises about taxation then have to live with the uncomfortable consequences if elected. Businesses lobby for tax breaks that they claim will create jobs and prosperity. In this Very Short Introduction Stephen Smith shows how taxes have real effects on citizens and the economy that tax policy-makers have to balance. Although tax policy will always be a highly political issue, he argues that public decisions about taxation would be improved by a better understanding of the role of taxation, and of the nature and effects of different taxes. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
If environmental protection is costly, how much should we spend on pollution control? Is it worth reducing pollution to zero, or should we accept some level of pollution because of the economic benefits associated with it? How can we assess the benefits that people get from a less-polluted atmosphere? In broad terms, environmental economics looks at how economic activity and policy affect the environment in which we live. Some production generates pollution, such as power station emissions causing acid rain and contributing to global warming, but household consumption decisions also affect the environment, where more consumption can mean more waste sent to polluting incinerators. However, pollution is not an inevitable consequence of economic activity - environmental policies can require polluting firms to clean up their emissions, and can encourage people to change their behaviour, through environmental taxes on polluting goods, for example. Generally, though, these measures will involve some costs, such as installing pollution control equipment. So there's a trade-off: a cleaner environment, but economic costs. In recent years, many economists have argued for greater use of incentive in the form of pollution charges and emissions trading rather than more traditional direct regulation of polluters. In this Very Short Introduction, Stephen Smith discusses environmental issues including pollution control, reducing environmental damage, and global climate change policies, answering questions about how we should balance environmental and economic considerations, and what form government policies should take. Including many illustrative case studies and examples he shows that this is an exciting field of economics, and one that is at the heart of many public debates and controversies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Author: Chin Ce
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
African Literature No 12 provides scholarly researched comparisons of authors and their oeuvre in this recent assessment of Africa centred creative thought and the expanding awareness of history, tradition and space in African writing.
Although Africa is the world's poorest continent, it is a major emerging market and partner in the global village of the new millennium. This book presents a wide array of perspectives on the problems and prospects of developing Africa. Leading scholars in African studies and international communication analyze the socio-political and cultural experiences in various communities, focusing on key questions: What is development? What are the main issues surrounding development in Africa? And how can communication per se be used to address the persistent problems of underdevelopment?
The Antelope's Strategy
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
A powerful report on the aftereffects of the genocide in Rwanda—and on the near impossibility of reconciliation between survivors and killers In two acclaimed previous works, the noted French journalist Jean Hatzfeld offered a profound, harrowing witness to the unimaginable pain and horror in the mass killings of one group of people by another. Combining his own analysis of the events with interviews from both the Hutu killers who carried out acts of unimaginable depravity and the Tutsi survivors who somehow managed to escape, in one, based mostly on interviews with Tutsi survivors, he explored in unprecedented depth the witnesses' understanding of the psychology of evil and their courage in survival; in the second, he probed further, in talks with a group of Hutu killers about their acts of unimaginable depravity. Now, in The Antelope's Strategy, he returns to Rwanda seven years later to talk with both the Hutus and Tutsis he'd come to know—some of the killers who had been released from prison or returned from Congolese exile, and the Tutsi escapees who must now tolerate them as neighbors. How are they managing with the process of reconciliation? Do you think in their hearts it is possible? The enormously varied and always surprising answers he gets suggest that the political ramifications of the international community's efforts to insist on resolution after these murderous episodes are incalculable. This is an astonishing exploration of the pain of memory, the nature of stoic hope, and the ineradicability of grief.
Author: CASEMATE PUB & BOOK DIST LLC, Simon Forty
Bastogne will live forever in the annals of American military history. From the resounding Nuts, in response to the German demand for surrender, to the breaking of the siege by Patton s Third Army brilliantly disengaged from its positions on the Saar, wheeled 90 degrees and marched northwards faster than any thought possible the defense of Bastogne and victory in the Ardennes was one of the greatest feats of American arms in the European Theater. This title in the Past & Present series looks at the encirclement, siege, and relief with then and now photographs; specially commissioned aerial photos, and a wealth of detail."
The Tears of the Black Man
Author: Alain Mabanckou
Publisher: Indiana University Press
In The Tears of the Black Man, award-winning author Alain Mabanckou explores what it means to be black in the world today. Mabanckou confronts the long and entangled history of Africa, France, and the United States as it has been shaped by slavery, colonialism, and their legacy today. Without ignoring the injustices and prejudice still facing blacks, he distances himself from resentment and victimhood, arguing that focusing too intensely on the crimes of the past is limiting. Instead, it is time to ask: Now what? Embracing the challenges faced by ethnic minority communities today, The Tears of the Black Man looks to the future, choosing to believe that the history of Africa has yet to be written and seeking a path toward affirmation and reconciliation.
Life Laid Bare
Author: Jean Hatzfeld
Publisher: Other Press, LLC
"To make the effort to understand what happened in Rwanda is a painful task that we have no right to shirk–it is part of being a moral adult." –Susan Sontag In the late 1990s, French author and journalist Jean Hatzfeld made several journeys into the hilly, marshy region of the Bugesera, one of the areas most devastated by the Rwandan genocide of April 1994, where an average of five out of six Tutsis were hacked to death with machete and spear by their Hutu neighbors and militiamen. In the villages of Nyamata and N'tarama, Hatzfeld interviewed fourteen survivors of the genocide, from orphan teenage farmers to the local social worker. For years the survivors had lived in a muteness as enigmatic as the silence of those who survived the Nazi concentration camps. In Life Laid Bare, they speak for those who are no longer alive to speak for themselves; they tell of the deaths of family and friends in the churches and marshes to which they fled, and they attempt to account for the reasons behind the Tutsi extermination. For many of the survivors "life has broken down," while for others, it has "stopped," and still others say that it "absolutely must go on." These horrific accounts of life at the very edge contrast with Hatzfeld's own sensitive and vivid descriptions of Rwanda's villages and countryside in peacetime. These voices of courage and resilience exemplify the indomitable human spirit, and they remind us of our own moral responsibility to bear witness to these atrocities and to never forget what can come to pass again. Winner of the Prix France Culture and the Prix Pierre Mille, Life Laid Bare allows us, in the author's own words, "to draw as close as we can get to the Rwandan genocide."
Author: Placide Tempels
The Crime of the Congo
Author: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Publisher: New York, Doubleday