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Madame Palatine

Madame Palatine

Author: Dirk Van der Cruysse
Publisher: Fayard
ISBN: 2213649871
Pages: 748
Year: 2014-04-01
" Voilà un deuil pour toute l'Europe. On perd une bonne princesse et c'est chose rare. " Cet éloge, écrit par le chroniqueur Mathieu Marais au lendemain de la mort de la Palatine, est sans doute la plus belle oraison funèbre d'une femme exceptionnelle, que l'on a trop souvent décrite comme une Allemande à peine dégrossie dont les manières rustiques et le caractère sauvage auraient déparé la cour la plus raffinée du monde... Epouse de Monsieur, duc d'Orléans, et donc belle-soeur de Louis XIV, mère du Régent, ennemie farouche de Mme de Maintenon, Madame est un témoin capital du Grand Siècle. Sa jeunesse mouvementée en Allemagne, son mariage avec un prince qui n'avait d'yeux que pour ses mignons, les cinquante années qu'elle passa à Versailles font d'elle un personnage hors du commun. Peu d'existence de cette époque sont si bien documentées et pourtant si mal connues. Née dans une famille d'incorrigibles épistoliers, la Palatine correspondit avec la plupart des cours d'Europe: elle aurait écrit près de 60 000 lettres, dont un dixième est conservé. Mais cet océan d'encre _ paroles de femme, paroles d'exil _, qui nous renseigne avec un luxe inouï de détails sur la vie et les opinions de Madame, a été jusqu'à présent peu exploité ou mal traduit. Or le franc-parler de la Palatine, son solide bon sens détruisent l'image de " Commère du Grand Siècle " que le XIXe avait forgée d'elle et font par ailleurs revivre une femme aussi lettrée qu'une princesse pouvait l'être sans verser dans le ridicule. Né en 1939, Dirk Van der Cruysse est professeur à l'Université d'Anvers où il enseigne l'histoire de la littérature française. Il est l'auteur de deux ouvrages sur Saint-Simon, a publié une édition des Lettres françaises de Madame Palatine (Fayard, 1989) et des Mémoires et Lettres de voyage de Sophie de Hanovre (Fayard, 1990).
Madame Palatine princesse europeenne

Madame Palatine princesse europeenne

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 748
Year: 1988

La princesse Palatine

La princesse Palatine

Author: Christian Bouyer
Publisher: Pygmalion Editions
ISBN:
Pages: 297
Year: 2005
La princesse Palatine demeure l'un des personnages les plus étonnants du XVIIe siècle. Princesse européenne par l'étendue de ses relations, elle incarne la flamboyance et le baroque de son siècle, sa truculence et sa bonhomie, sa culture et son usage du franc-parler. Sa formation allemande, fondée sur un caractère bien trempé, lui a dicté, à la cour de France, un comportement empreint d'une grande dignité. Sa position était difficile : son mari, le duc d'Orléans, était un jouisseur que sa passion pour les mignons et les rubans occupait à plein temps. Elle réussit cependant à s'y accoutumer et, devenue mère de plusieurs enfants, à mener une vie familiale pleine de bonté et de générosité. Tandis qu'elle vouait un véritable culte au monarque, elle entretenait une haine farouche à l'égard de son épouse secrète, l'habile madame de Maintenon. Avec sa verve habituelle, Christian Bouyer nous raconte le destin exceptionnel de cette femme haute en couleur et toujours imprévisible.
Love and Louis XIV

Love and Louis XIV

Author: Antonia Fraser
Publisher: Anchor Canada
ISBN: 0385672519
Pages: 432
Year: 2010-06-25
The superb historian and biographer Antonia Fraser, author of Marie Antoinette, casts new light on the splendor and the scandals of the reign of Louis XIV in this dramatic, illuminating look at the women in his life. The self-proclaimed Sun King, Louis XIV ruled over the most glorious and extravagant court in seventeenth-century Europe. Now, Antonia Fraser goes behind the well-known tales of Louis’s accomplishments and follies, exploring in riveting detail his intimate relationships with women. The king’s mother, Anne of Austria, had been in a childless marriage for twenty-two years before she gave birth to Louis XIV. A devout Catholic, she instilled in her son a strong sense of piety and fought successfully for his right to absolute power. In 1660, Louis married his first cousin, Marie-Thérèse, in a political arrangement. While unfailingly kind to the official Queen of Versailles, Louis sought others to satisfy his romantic and sexual desires. After a flirtation with his sister-in-law, his first important mistress was Louise de La Vallière, who bore him several children before being replaced by the tempestuous and brilliant Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. Later, when Athénaïs’s reputation was tarnished, the King continued to support her publicly as Athénaïs left court for a life of repentance. Meanwhile her children’s governess, the intelligent and seemingly puritanical Françoise de Maintenon, had already won the King’s affections; in a relationship in complete contrast to his physical obsession with Athénaïs, Louis XIV lived happily with Madame de Maintenon for the rest of his life, very probably marrying her in secret. When his grandson’s child bride, the enchanting Adelaide of Savoy, came to Versaille she lightened the King’s last years – until tragedy struck. With consummate skill, Antonia Fraser weaves insights into the nature of women’s religious lives – as well as such practical matters as contraception – into her magnificent, sweeping portrait of the king, his court, and his ladies. From the Hardcover edition.
The Affair of the Poisons

The Affair of the Poisons

Author: Anne Somerset
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1466862807
Pages: 400
Year: 2014-01-14
The Affair of the Poisons, as it became known, was an extraordinary episode that took place in France during the reign of Louis XIV. When poisoning and black magic became widespread, arrests followed. Suspects included those among the highest ranks of society. Many were tortured and numerous executions resulted. The 1676 torture and execution of the Marquise de Brinvilliers marked the start of the scandal which rocked the foundations of French society and sent shock waves through all of Europe. Convicted of conspiring with her adulterous lover to poison her father and brothers in order to secure the family fortune, the marquise was the first member of the noble class to fall. In the French court of the period, where sexual affairs were numerous, ladies were not shy of seeking help from the murkier elements of the Parisian underworld, and fortune-tellers supplemented their dubious trade by selling poison. It was not long before the authorities were led to believe that Louis XIV himself was at risk. With the police chief of Paris police alerted, every hint of danger was investigated. Rumors abounded and it was not long before the King ordered the setting up of a special commission to investigate the poisonings and bring offenders to justice. No one, the King decreed, no matter how grand, would be spared having to account for their conduct. The royal court was soon thrown into disarray. The Mistress of the Robes and a distinguished general were among the early suspects. But they paled into insignificance when the King's mistress was incriminated. If, as was said, she had engaged in vile Satanic rituals and had sought to poison a rival for the King's affections, what was Louis XIV to do? Anne Somerset has gone back to original sources, letters and earlier accounts of the affair. By the end of her account, she reaches firm conclusions on various crucial matters. The Affair of the Poisons is an enthralling account of a sometimes bizarre period in French history.
Theodore Von Neuhoff, King of Corsica

Theodore Von Neuhoff, King of Corsica

Author: Julia Gasper
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1611494400
Pages: 301
Year: 2013
A visionary and a madman was how one British statesman, Lord Carteret, described Theodore von Neuhoff. This exciting biography, Theodore von Neuhoff, King of Corsica: The Man behind the Legend by Julia Gasper, traces the unlikely career of the German baron who in 1736 had himself crowned the King of Corsica. Theodore von Neuhoff s career spanned the entire European continent and his role in the Corsican rebellion against Genoa was as bold and unconventional as everything else in his life. Mixing with royalty, rogues and rabble, he was successively a soldier, secret agent, Jacobite, speculator, alchemist, cabbalist, Rosicrucian, astrologer, fraudster, and spy. He had changed his name several times, abducted a nun and seen the inside of several prisons before turning his hand to revolution. Neuhoff had daring far-sighted ideas about religious tolerance and the abolition of slavery that turned the Corsican rebellion into a significant political event with repercussions way beyond the shores of one small island. Denounced as an arch-criminal, traitor and seditious heretic, he survived pursuit by the agents of the Genoese Republic for twenty years with a price on his head, dodging assassination attempts while meeting countless famous and fascinating people. Valuable to the British as a political tool against the French, he spent his old age in relative comfort in an English debtors prison. Theodore von Neuhoff, King of Corsica argues that despite all his eccentricity Neuhoff was still a significant Enlightenment figure."
Twenty Years of French Literary Criticism

Twenty Years of French Literary Criticism

Author: Philip Adrian Wadsworth, Freeman G. Henry
Publisher: Summa Publications, Inc.
ISBN: 1883479029
Pages: 366
Year: 1994-01-01

Letters from Liselotte

Letters from Liselotte

Author: Charlotte-Elisabeth Orléans (duchesse d'), Maria Kroll
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 293
Year: 1998
Married in 1672, at 19, to Louis XIV's bisexual brother, the Duke of Orleans, Liselotte began her voluminous and fascinating correspondence from the Court of Versailles which she continued until her death 50 years later, making her the greatest chronicler of her day.
A World of Paper

A World of Paper

Author: John C. Rule, Ben S. Trotter
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773592156
Pages: 848
Year: 2014-06-01
Historians and social scientists have long identified bureaucracy as the modern state's foundation and the reign of France's Louis XIV as a model for its development. A World of Paper offers a fresh interpretation of bureaucracy through a close examination of the department of the Sun King's last foreign secretary, Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Torcy. Torcy, who served as foreign secretary from 1696-1715, is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant foreign ministers of the ancien regime. Building on the work of his predecessors, he fashioned a skilled team of collaborators as he managed the complex issues of war and peace during the turbulent final decades of Louis XIV's reign. John Rule and Ben Trotter examine Torcy's department to depict administrative structures as they emerged through the circulating stream of paper that connected his office with provincial administrators and diplomats abroad. They explore the collection and centralization of information during Torcy's tenure through the creation of a modern state archive, discreet intelligence gathering, and the surveillance and management of the French mails. They also study the postal carriers, couriers, household officers of the royal court, genealogists hired for research, and an informal "brain trust" of experts, and advisors who carried vital information in and out of the department every day. A remarkable reconstruction of the department of Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Torcy, A World of Paper demystifies bureaucracy and explores the ways in which the modern information state developed from his labours.
Madame Palatine's Princely Conversations

Madame Palatine's Princely Conversations

Author: Sean Ward, Stanford University. Dept. of German Studies
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 116
Year: 1998

Siam and the West, 1500-1700

Siam and the West, 1500-1700

Author: Dirk van der Cruysse
Publisher:
ISBN: 9747551578
Pages: 565
Year: 2002-01-01
In a lively and engaging style, Dirk Van der Cruysse traces the history of European-Siamese relations, from the arrival of the Portuguese around the beginning of the 16th century followed by the Dutch, British, and French. Explorers, merchants, missionaries, and ambassadors came and went across the oceans, leaving behind vivid accounts of lengthy voyages, lavish courts, and strange customs. Van der Cruysse expertly weaves together material from journals, memoirs, and other archival documents to construct a compelling historical account. Originally published as Louis XIV et le Siam, this English version has been ably translated by Michael Smithies, author of numerous books and articles on the French involvement in Siam during the 17th century. Dirk Van der Cruysse, of the Royal Academy of Belgium, is professor of French culture and language at the University of Antwerp.
De Branche en Branche

De Branche en Branche

Author: Dirk van der Cruysse, Kris Peeters
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9042916907
Pages: 276
Year: 2005
Le 30 septembre 2004, Dirk Van der Cruysse a pris sa retraite comme professeur ordinaire de litterature francaise a l'Universite d'Anvers, ou il a assume pendant plus de trois decennies une charge de cours importante dans le domaine de l'histoire de la litterature et la culture francaises. Dirk Van der Cruysse est aussi l'auteur d'une oeuvre abondante et internationalement reconnue, dont deux monographies sur Saint-Simon (1971, 1981), les biographies tres remarquees de Madame Palatine (1988) et de Choisy (1995) et une serie d'etudes sur les contacts entre la France louis-quatorzienne et l'Asie, notamment Louis XIV et le Siam (1991), Chardin le Persan (1998) et Le noble desir de courir le monde (2002). L'auteur de ces nombreuses pages n'a jamais manque de completer utilement ces etudes par mainte edition de texte, notamment de la correspondance de Mme Palatine (1989) et de Sophie de Hanovre (1990) et des journaux de voyage de Choisy (1995), de Jean Guidon de Chambelle (2003) et de Barthelemy Carre (2005). A l'occasion de son emeritat, quelques-uns de ses collaborateurs ont rassemble un choix d'articles de l'auteur, que le present recueil regroupe pour la premiere fois, tout en les completant d'un portrait par Maurice Delcroix et d'une bibliographie de Dirk Van der Cruysse.
The Longman Anthology of World Literature

The Longman Anthology of World Literature

Author: David Damrosch
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 0321169808
Pages: 720
Year: 2003-11
The Longman Anthology of World Literature, Volume Doffers a fresh and highly teachable presentation of the varieties of world literature from the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Luck of Barry Lyndon

The Luck of Barry Lyndon

Author: William Makepeace Thackeray
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 1853

Chardin le Persan

Chardin le Persan

Author: Dirk Van der Cruysse
Publisher: Fayard
ISBN: 2213649847
Pages: 570
Year: 2014-04-01
Chardin, le joaillier qui parcourut l'Orient pour faire fortune, est l'un des plus célèbres voyageurs du XVIIe siècle. C'est tout jeune que ce fils d'un bijoutier protestant quitte Paris en 1665 avec la "forte envie" de connaître l'Asie et d'y vendre des bijoux. Pendant quinze ans, il visite cet "autre monde" qui le fascine et dont il apprend les langues. Il s'installe d'abord à Ispahan où il a ses entrées à la cour du Shah safavide et se révèle un marchand avisé. Mais il prend aussi le temps d'observer les moeurs des "Persiens", d'interroger leurs savants et d'explorer les hauts lieux de la Perse antique. Ses affaires en Perse terminées, il devient négociant à la cour du Grand Moghol et parcourt l'Inde où il achète des diamants et du musc. De retour en Europe et pressentant la révocation de l'édit de Nantes, il se fixe à Londres. Anobli par Charles II, il continue à commercer avec l'Asie tout en travaillant au récit de ses voyages. Il y rapporte cette sentence persane qui résume sa double existence : "La gloire du marchand est en sa bourse, celle du savant en ses livres." Dirk Van der Cruysse est professeur à l'université d'Anvers. Il a publié chez Fayard une biographie de Madame Palatine (1988), ses Lettres françaises et les Mémoires et Lettres de voyage de sa tante Sophie de Hanovre. Se consacrant depuis à la littérature des voyages du XVIIe siècle, il est l'auteur de Louis XIV et le Siam (1991), de Choisy, androgyne et mandarin (1995), et d'une édition du Journal du voyage de Siam de l'abbé de Choisy (1995).