Le Cned-Sedes sur la nouvelle question d'histoire contemporaine aux concours. Chaque chapitre de cet ouvrage nécessairement collectif suit la trame suivante : 1. Origine de la colonie : forme d’acquisition, (vieille colonie, conquête, expansion), statut politique, type de colonisation (peuplement, exploitation). 2. Peuplement : Les colons (nombre, origine, diversité). Les indigènes (nombre, origine). diversité). Les autres immigrants (Indiens, Chinois ...). Sociétés urbaines et sociétés rurales 3. Les inégalités : politiques (citoyens et indigènes) ; sociales (patrimoine foncier et capital commercial et industriel). 4. Sociétés duales ou plurielles : L’espace public ; La séparation (ségrégation, l’apartheid ; le racisme). Le contact (l’école ; le marché ; le champ et la plantation ; l’usine). Genre et métissage. 5. Les indigènes et la domination coloniale : accommodations, résistances, révoltes. 6. Les transformations : acculturation ou diffusion de modèles. 7. L’impact des deux guerres mondiales. Les débuts de l’émancipation et ses conséquences.
Tous les titres sont organisés autour d'une structure commune : des repères : un rappel des faits qui constituent la trame événementielle de la question ; des synthèses sur les personnages et lieux qui jalonnent le sujet ; les grandes "thématiques", indispensables à la compréhension des enjeux de la question ; des outils méthodologiques : chronologie. glossaire, bibliographie ; un système de circulation entre les fiches et les références bibliographiques qui complètent l'index.
Tout pour se préparer efficacement à la question : "Les sociétés coloniales à l'âge des Empires : Afriques, Antilles, Asie (années 1850-1950)". Des repères, des pistes, une bibliographie raisonnée pour comprendre le sujet. Des thèmes de réflexion et de recherche pour guider les connaissances. Des sujets de dissertation guidés pour se préparer aux épreuves.
Dresser un bilan de la colonisation est un exercice délicat, tant le phénomène est complexe, pluriséculaire et hétérogène. C’est pourtant un devoir d’historien qui ne peut accepter de voir le seul législateur trancher sur son rôle prétendument positif. Les études postcoloniales ont ouvert des voies nouvelles, décryptant l’ambiguïté d’un monde où la promesse du progrès se mêle à la domination. Mais ce courant a relégué dans l’ombre la question des liens éventuels entre colonisation et développement. Par opposition, d’autres travaux se sont attachés à les étudier, laissant toutefois croire à tort que l’identité du colonisateur en fixait d’avance le sens. Une nouvelle investigation était donc nécessaire et Bouda Etemad l’entreprend, en archéologue de la pensée coloniale. Dans une perspective d’histoire globale, il montre pourquoi la colonisation crée, selon les époques et les lieux, des situations tantôt favorables tantôt hostiles au développement. Elle ne modèle pas pareillement populations, économies et sociétés, ni ne recèle les mêmes potentialités. D’où le caractère ambigu de son héritage. Bouda ETEMAD est professeur d’histoire aux universités de Genève et Lausanne. Son enseignement porte sur la colonisation européenne et les inégalités Nord-Sud.
Hero of the Empire
Author: Candice Millard
A thrilling narrative of Winston Churchill's extraordinary and little-known exploits during the Boer War. Churchill arrived in South Africa in 1899, valet and crates of vintage wine in tow, there to cover the brutal colonial war the British were fighting with Boer rebels. But just two weeks after his arrival Churchill was taken prisoner ... The story of his escape is incredible enough, but then Churchill enlisted, returned to South Africa, fought in several battles, and ultimately liberated the men with whom he had been imprisoned. Hero of Empire is more than an adventure story, for the lessons Churchill took from the Boer War would profoundly affect twentieth-century history.
Empires of God
Author: Linda Gregerson, Susan Juster
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Religion and empire were inseparable forces in the early modern Atlantic world. Religious passions and conflicts drove much of the expansionist energy of post-Reformation Europe, providing both a rationale and a practical mode of organizing the dispersal and resettlement of hundreds of thousands of people from the Old World to the New World. Exhortations to conquer new peoples were the lingua franca of Western imperialism, and men like the mystically inclined Christopher Columbus were genuinely inspired to risk their lives and their fortunes to bring the gospel to the Americas. And in the thousands of religious refugees seeking asylum from the vicious wars of religion that tore the continent apart in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, these visionary explorers found a ready pool of migrants—English Puritans and Quakers, French Huguenots, German Moravians, Scots-Irish Presbyterians—equally willing to risk life and limb for a chance to worship God in their own way. Focusing on the formative period of European exploration, settlement, and conquest in the Americas, from roughly 1500 to 1760, Empires of God brings together historians and literary scholars of the English, French, and Spanish Americas around a common set of questions: How did religious communities and beliefs create empires, and how did imperial structures transform New World religions? How did Europeans and Native Americans make sense of each other's spiritual systems, and what acts of linguistic and cultural transition did this entail? What was the role of violence in New World religious encounters? Together, the essays collected here demonstrate the power of religious ideas and narratives to create kingdoms both imagined and real.
This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.
This book traces the connections between American westward expansion and German colonialism from the late eighteenth century to World War II.
In the Museum of Man
Author: Alice L. Conklin
Publisher: Cornell University Press
In the Museum of Man offers new insight into the thorny relationship between science, society, and empire at the high-water mark of French imperialism and European racism. Alice L. Conklin takes us into the formative years of French anthropology and social theory between 1850 and 1900; then deep into the practice of anthropology, under the name of ethnology, both in Paris and in the empire before and especially after World War I; and finally, into the fate of the discipline and its practitioners under the German Occupation and its immediate aftermath. Conklin addresses the influence exerted by academic networks, museum collections, and imperial connections in defining human diversity socioculturally rather than biologically, especially in the wake of resurgent anti-Semitism at the time of the Dreyfus Affair and in the 1930s and 1940s. Students of the progressive social scientist Marcel Mauss were exposed to the ravages of imperialism in the French colonies where they did fieldwork; as a result, they began to challenge both colonialism and the scientific racism that provided its intellectual justification. Indeed, a number of them were killed in the Resistance, fighting for the humanist values they had learned from their teachers and in the field. A riveting story of a close-knit community of scholars who came to see all societies as equally complex, In the Museum of Man serves as a reminder that if scientific expertise once authorized racism, anthropologists also learned to rethink their paradigms and mobilize against racial prejudice—a lesson well worth remembering today.
This path-breaking work on the social and economic history of colonial India traces the evolution of north Indian towns and merchant communities from the decline of Mughal dominion to the consolidation of British empire following the 1857 'mutiny'. C.A. Bayly analyses the response of the inhabitants of the Ganges Valley to the upheavals in the eighteenth century that paved the way for the incoming British. He shows how the colonial enterprise was built on an existing resilient network of towns, rural bazaars, and merchant communities; and how in turn, colonial trade and administration were moulded by indigenous forms of commerce and politics. This edition comes with a new introduction.
The Cult of the Modern
Author: Gavin Murray-Miller
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
"The Cult of the Modern focuses on nineteenth-century France and Algeria and examines the role that ideas of modernity and modernization played in both national and colonial programs during the years of the Second Empire and the early Third Republic. Gavin Murray-Miller rethinks the subject by examining the idiomatic use of modernity in French cultural and political discourse. The Cult of the Modern argues that the modern French republic is a product of nineteenth-century colonialism rather than a creation of the Enlightenment or the French Revolution. This analysis contests the predominant Parisian and metropolitan contexts that have traditionally framed French modernity studies, noting the important role that colonial Algeria and the administration of Muslim subjects played in shaping understandings of modern identity and governance among nineteenth-century politicians and intellectuals. In synthesizing the narratives of continental France and colonial North Africa, Murray-Miller proposes a new framework for nineteenth-century French political and cultural history, bringing into sharp relief the diverse ways in which the French nation was imagined and represented throughout the country's turbulent postrevolutionary history, as well as the implications for prevailing understandings of France today"--
Changing Lives in Laos
Author: Vanina Bouté, Vatthana Pholsena
Publisher: NUS Press
Changes in the character of the political regime in Laos after 2000, a massive influx of foreign investment, and disruptions to rural life arising from improved communications and new forms of mobility within and across the borders have produced a major transformation. Alongside these changes, a group of young scholars carried out studies that document the rise of a new social, cultural and economic order. The contributions to this volume draw on original fieldwork materials and unpublished sources, and provide fresh analyses of topics ranging from the structures of power to the politics of territoriality and new forms of sociability in emerging urban spaces.
The nineteenth century was Europe's colonial century. At the beginning of the period, the only colonial empire that existed was the British Empire. By the end of the century the situation was completely different and Europe's colonial possessions had come to constitute a large part of the world. The French had acquired an immense colonial empire and the Dutch had extended their control over Indonesia. Germany and Italy, unified only in the latter half of the century, had claimed their place under the sun. Even the tiny Kingdom of Belgium had acquired a huge colonial territory in Africa: the Belgian Congo. This is the first book to describe the whole process of colonization from conquest to pacification, and to analyze it in the light of administrative, cultural and economic developments. The European Colonial Empires discusses a uniquely long period instead of merely focussing on the shorter, accepted age of classical imperialism. Wesseling argues that European colonial expansion can be understood only by putting it into this long-term perspective and by comparing the differences between the colonies in Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Caribbean. This book redresses the balance that privileges the British colonial and imperial experience. It emphasizes the continental European experience while relating developments to the British enterprise.
Bankers and Empire
Author: Peter James Hudson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
From the end of the nineteenth century until the onset of the Great Depression, Wall Street embarked on a stunning, unprecedented, and often bloody period of international expansion in the Caribbean. A host of financial entities sought to control banking, trade, and finance in the region. In the process, they not only trampled local sovereignty, grappled with domestic banking regulation, and backed US imperialism—but they also set the model for bad behavior by banks, visible still today. In Bankers and Empire, Peter James Hudson tells the provocative story of this period, taking a close look at both the institutions and individuals who defined this era of American capitalism in the West Indies. Whether in Wall Street minstrel shows or in dubious practices across the Caribbean, the behavior of the banks was deeply conditioned by bankers’ racial views and prejudices. Drawing deeply on a broad range of sources, Hudson reveals that the banks’ experimental practices and projects in the Caribbean often led to embarrassing failure, and, eventually, literal erasure from the archives.
The Jungle Book
Author: Rudyard Kipling