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L'acteur et le système

L'acteur et le système

Author: Michel Crozier, Erhard Friedberg
Publisher: Seuil
ISBN:
Pages: 500
Year: 1992
La liberté des acteurs est un fait ; l'existence de systèmes organisés et cohérents en est un autre. Comment ces deux réalités s'articulent-elles ? Michel Crozier, l'auteur du Phénomène bureaucratique, associé à Erhard Friedberg, montre, contre tous les mirages d'une rationalité totalitaire, le caractère essentiellement " opportuniste " des stratégies humaines et la part irréductible de liberté qui existe dans toute relation de pouvoir. Ce livre n'est pas un manuel de sociologie des organisations - discipline dont Michel Crozier est l'un des fondateurs en France - mais bien une sociologie de l'action organisée. Il constitue une véritable critique de la raison collective.
The Bureaucratic Phenomenon

The Bureaucratic Phenomenon

Author: Michel Crozier
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412836085
Pages: 320
Year: 2009-12-01
In The Pension Fund Revolution, originally published nearly two decades ago under the title The Unseen Revolution, Drucker reports that institutional investors, especially pension funds, have become the controlling owners of America's large companies, the country's only capitalists. He maintains that the shift began in 1952 with the establishment of the first modern pension fund by General Motors. By 1960 it had become so obvious that a group of young men decided to found a stock-exchange firm catering exclusively to these new investors. Ten years later this firm (Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette) became the most successful, and one of the biggest, Wall Street firms. Drucker's argument, that through pension funds ownership of the means of production had become socialized without becoming nationalized, was unacceptable to the conventional wisdom of the country in the 1970s. Even less acceptable was the second theme of the book: the aging of America. Among the predictions made by Drucker in The Pension Fund Revolution are: that a major health care issue would be longevity; that pensions and social security would be central to American economy and society; that the retirement age would have to be extended; and that altogether American politics would increasingly be dominated by middle-class issues and the values of elderly people. While readers of the original edition found these conclusions hard to accept, Drucker's work has proven to be prescient. In the new epilogue, Drucker discusses how the increasing dominance of pension funds represents one of the most startling power shifts in economic history, and he examines their present-day Impact. The Pension Fund Revolution is now considered a classic text regarding the effects of pension fund ownership on the governance of the American corporation and on the structure of the American economy altogether. The reissuing of this book is more timely now than ever. It provides a wealth of information for sociologists, economists, and political theorists.
Cent fiches de lecture

Cent fiches de lecture

Author: Marc Montoussé
Publisher: Editions Bréal
ISBN: 2749507901
Pages: 477
Year: 2008
1oo fiches de lecture est l'ouvrage de référence qui permet d'accéder à la " substantifique moelle " des œuvres majeures en économie, sociologie, histoire et géographie économiques. Il s'adresse en priorité aux étudiants en classes préparatoires économiques et commerciales, en IEP et à l'université qui ne peuvent, faute de temps, lire tous les ouvrages utiles pour maîtriser le programme, ou veulent se les remettre en mémoire à l'approche des examens et concours. Ces fiches sont classées par thèmes et émaillées de nombreuses citations. Après avoir replacé les œuvres dans leur contexte, elles en restituent de façon structurée les idées essentielles, puis en précisent la portée. Étudiants, mais aussi passionnés et curieux pourront enfin disposer d'une synthèse des œuvres fondamentales.
L'Union Africaine face aux contraintes de l'action collective

L'Union Africaine face aux contraintes de l'action collective

Author: Guy Mvelle
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 229651507X
Pages: 156
Year: 2013-01-01
Cet ouvrage montre que, contrairement à l'idée d'une division de l'Afrique à partir des identités francophones et anglophones ou à partir d'une partition entre adversaires et partisans d'une intégration immédiate ou par étapes, l'absence de cohésion observée au sein de l'Union africaine a pour source les comportements stratégiques adoptés par certains Etats, pourtant engagés officiellement dans une action collective.
Governing the Commons

Governing the Commons

Author: Elinor Ostrom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107569788
Pages: 298
Year: 2015-10-31
Tackles one of the most enduring and contentious issues of positive political economy: common pool resource management.
The Crisis of Democracy

The Crisis of Democracy

Author: Michel Crozier, Samuel P. Huntington, Jōji Watanuki, Trilateral Commission
Publisher: [New York] : New York University Press
ISBN: 0814713645
Pages: 220
Year: 1975

Not This Time

Not This Time

Author: Marcel Martel
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442658851
Pages: 300
Year: 2006-12-15
Drugs are part of every society, consumed for ritual or religious purposes, for pleasure, to enhance athletic performance, or as a means to relieve pain. Throughout the twentieth century, however, an arbitrary and shifting distinction was made between legal drugs that were prescribed and administered by the medical profession, and illegal drugs that were subject to state control and suppression. Illegal in Canada since 1923, marijuana is the most controversial of illegal drugs. Because it lacks the same addictive and harmful qualities of other illegal substances, such as heroin and cocaine, marijuana's negative social impact is questionable. In the 1960s interest groups – including university student associations, certain physicians, and others – began demanding changes to the Narcotics Control Act, which governed the legal status of drugs, to decriminalize or legalize the possession of marijuana. In Not This Time, Marcel Martel explores recreational use of marijuana in the 1960s and its emergence as a topic of social debate. He demonstrates how the media, interest groups, state institutions, bureaucrats and politicians influenced the development and implementation of public policy on drugs. Martel illustrates how two loose coalitions both made up of interest groups, addiction research organizations and bureaucrats – one supporting the existing drug legislation, and the other favoring liberalization of the Narcotics Control Act – dominated the debate over the legalization of marijuana, and how those favoring liberalized drug laws, while influential, had difficulty presenting a unified front and problems justifying their cause while the health benefits of marijuana use were still in question. Exploring both sides of the debate, Martel presents the invigorating history of a question that continues to reverberate in the minds of Canadians. Electronic Format Disclaimer: Images removed at the request of the rights holder.
Art Worlds

Art Worlds

Author: Howard Saul Becker
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520052188
Pages: 392
Year: 1984
Argues that art works are not the creation of isolated individuals but result from cooperation between different artists, suppliers of materials, art distributors, critics, and audiences, who together make up the art world.
700 mots-clefs pour l'éducation

700 mots-clefs pour l'éducation

Author: Francis Danvers
Publisher: Presses Univ. Septentrion
ISBN: 2859394133
Pages: 321
Year: 1992-01-01

Critique of Modernity

Critique of Modernity

Author: Alain Touraine
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 1557865310
Pages: 416
Year: 1995-05-22
For over two hundred years, the notion of modernity has dominated Western social thought. Yet as we approach the end of the millenium, we find the concept under seige: constantly being challenged, rejected or refined. In Critique of Modernity d, Alain Touraine, one of our leading social thinkers, offers an outstanding analysis and reinterpretation of the modern for the twenty-first century.
Obedience to Authority

Obedience to Authority

Author: Stanley Milgram
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0062803409
Pages: 256
Year: 2017-07-11
THE INSPIRATION FOR THE MAJOR MOTION PICTURE THE EXPERIMENTER “The classic account of the human tendency to follow orders, no matter who they hurt or what their consequences.” — Michael Dirda, Washington Post Book World In the 1960s Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram famously carried out a series of experiments that forever changed our perceptions of morality and free will. The subjects—or “teachers”—were instructed to administer electroshocks to a human “learner,” with the shocks becoming progressively more powerful and painful. Controversial but now strongly vindicated by the scientific community, these experiments attempted to determine to what extent people will obey orders from authority figures regardless of consequences. “Milgram’s experiments on obedience have made us more aware of the dangers of uncritically accepting authority,” wrote Peter Singer in the New York Times Book Review. Featuring a new introduction from Dr. Philip Zimbardo, who conducted the famous Stanford Prison Experiment, Obedience to Authority is Milgram’s fascinating and troubling chronicle of his classic study and a vivid and persuasive explanation of his conclusions.
Innovation Up Close: How School Improvement Works

Innovation Up Close: How School Improvement Works

Author: A. Michael Huberman, Matthew B. Miles, Matthew N. B. Miles
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 030641693X
Pages: 309
Year: 1984-11-30
School improvement, like motherhood, has many advocates. Everyone is for it, without having to campaign actively on its behalf. And just as the 100% of people who have had mothers think they know how mothering could be done better, so the (nearly) 100% of people who have been pupils in schools, or have even taught in or managed them, think they know how schools can be im proved. More precisely, they are sure that schools ought to be improved. The trouble is that they propose a staggering, conflicting range of methods of improving the schools, from ;'back to the woodshed" to teacher merit pay, a stiffer curriculum, a stronger tax base, reorganization, a more humane climate, "teacher-proof" innovations, community involvement-the list is nearly end less. Furthermore, the issues are not merely technical, but normative and po litical. The term improvement is itself problematic. One person's version of improvement is another's version of wastefulness or even of worsening the schools. Furthermore, the versions that win out in any particular school are not Improvement sometimes turns out to be merely a necessarily technically "best. " code word for the directives that administrators have successfully put into place, or for the agreements that teachers have lobbied into being. How much do we really know about school improvement? The available research literature is quite substantial, but not as helpful as it might be.
Organizations

Organizations

Author: James G. March, Herbert A. Simon
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 063118631X
Pages: 300
Year: 1993-05-07
This book provides the original and definitive treatments of such fundamental concepts as bounded rationality, attention focus, and problem solving.
Politics and social structure

Politics and social structure

Author: Talcott Parsons
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 557
Year: 1969

Social Movements in an Organizational Society

Social Movements in an Organizational Society

Author: Mayer N. Zald
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351489968
Pages: 445
Year: 2017-09-29
First Published in 2017. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.