Histoire Du Moyen Orient De Lempire Ottoman A Nos Jours Au Dela De La Question Dorient Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Histoire du Moyen-Orient de l'Empire ottoman à nos jours

Histoire du Moyen-Orient de l'Empire ottoman à nos jours

Author: Olivier Bouquet, Philippe Pétriat, Pierre Vermeren
Publisher:
ISBN: 2859449701
Pages: 399
Year: 2016
Cette histoire écrite à six mains renouvelle notre regard sur le Moyen-Orient, ce vaste carrefour au coeur du vieux monde. Depuis l'avènement de la question d'Orient en 1774, jusqu'à sa résolution en 1922 par la chute de l'Empire ottoman, les puissances européennes ont réduit le Moyen-Orient à sa dimension géopolitique. De "l'Homme malade de l'Europe" à "l'Orient compliqué", celui-ci est appréhendé de l'extérieur. Pourtant, les 15 pays qui composent cette région complexe, polarisée et en mutation rapide depuis plus d'un siècle, ont développé leurs propres modèles, et leur voie d'accès à la modernité politique et sociale. La fin de l'Empire ottoman, l'avènement par étapes de la Turquie et de l'Iran, la naissance d'un monde arabe multipolaire et hiérarchisé depuis 1918, puis celle d'Israël après 1947, ont forgé le Moyen-Orient actuel. Cette riche synthèse, qui associe l'étude politique à celle des sociétés, des économies et des cultures, permet de dépasser la question d'Orient.
Introduction aux mondes arabes en (r)évolution

Introduction aux mondes arabes en (r)évolution

Author: Amin Allal, Assia Boutaleb, Marie Vannetzel
Publisher: De Boeck Supérieur
ISBN: 2807306039
Pages: 208
Year: 2018-10-25
Une vision globale des mutations politiques contemporaines dans les sociétés du Maghreb et du Moyen-Orient. En 2011, les Printemps arabes ont fait l’actualité mondiale. Depuis, des recompositions politiques et des évolutions sociales d’importance sont en cours dans cette vaste région qui s’étend du Maroc à l’Irak. Les auteur·e·s analysent ces dynamiques récentes, en intégrant les acquis des recherches existantes et en s’appuyant sur la sociologie et l’économie politiques. Ce manuel offre ainsi, de manière inédite, une grille d’analyse comparée, organisée autour des grandes modalités d’exercice du politique : assujettir, contester, participer, développer et gouverner. Cette approche invite à une compréhension sereine de pays placés quotidiennement sous le feu des projecteurs, mais qui restent souvent méconnus et caricaturés. Par son caractère global, elle montre que ces pays ne sont pas des exceptions. Par les descriptions précises et les nombreuses illustrations qu’elle fournit, elle en souligne cependant certaines spécificités et permet d’acquérir de solides connaissances à leur sujet. Pour les étudiant·e·s et enseignant·e·s des 1er et 2e cycles en science politique, langues et civilisations, histoire ou sociologie.
La péninsule arabique

La péninsule arabique

Author: Frank Tétart
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200620543
Pages: 256
Year: 2017-09-27
Arabie saoudite, Émirats arabes unis, Koweït, Oman, Qatar, Yémen : la péninsule Arabique a toujours constitué un lieu de passage entre Europe, Afrique et Asie. Berceau de l’islam, dont elle abrite les villes saintes de La Mecque et Médine, son espace s’est construit au gré des intérêts géopolitiques, si bien qu’il est à présent au coeur de la mondialisation des échanges. Espace convoité, son attractivité économique et stratégique a fait émerger de nombreuses tensions entre les États de la zone et a exacerbé les fractures existantes aux niveaux religieux (chiites/sunnites), ethnique (Perses/Arabes) et politique (Iran/Arabie saoudite). Parallèlement la péninsule, confrontée au défi de la fin de la rente pétrolière, doit entreprendre une diversification rapide de son économie. Pour saisir les spécificités de cet espace-clé, cet ouvrage propose une géographie complète à la fois géohistorique, géoéconomique et géopolitique de ce qui constitue aujourd’hui le véritable coeur du Moyen-Orient. Avec un atlas en couleur réalisé en partenariat avec la revue Moyen-Orient.
Jerusalem 1900

Jerusalem 1900

Author: Vincent Lemire
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618837X
Pages: 224
Year: 2017-04-21
Perhaps the most contested patch of earth in the world, Jerusalem’s Old City experiences consistent violent unrest between Israeli and Palestinian residents, with seemingly no end in sight. Today, Jerusalem’s endless cycle of riots and arrests appears intractable—even unavoidable—and it looks unlikely that harmony will ever be achieved in the city. But with Jerusalem 1900, historian Vincent Lemire shows us that it wasn’t always that way, undoing the familiar notion of Jerusalem as a lost cause and revealing a unique moment in history when a more peaceful future seemed possible. In this masterly history, Lemire uses newly opened archives to explore how Jerusalem’s elite residents of differing faiths cooperated through an intercommunity municipal council they created in the mid-1860s to administer the affairs of all inhabitants and improve their shared city. These residents embraced a spirit of modern urbanism and cultivated a civic identity that transcended religion and reflected the relatively secular and cosmopolitan way of life of Jerusalem at the time. These few years would turn out to be a tipping point in the city’s history—a pivotal moment when the horizon of possibility was still open, before the council broke up in 1934, under British rule, into separate Jewish and Arab factions. Uncovering this often overlooked diplomatic period, Lemire reveals that the struggle over Jerusalem was not historically inevitable—and therefore is not necessarily intractable. Jerusalem 1900 sheds light on how the Holy City once functioned peacefully and illustrates how it might one day do so again.
The Routledge Handbook of the History of the Middle East Mandates

The Routledge Handbook of the History of the Middle East Mandates

Author: Cyrus Schayegh, Andrew Arsan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317497066
Pages: 440
Year: 2015-06-05
The Routledge Handbook of the History of the Middle East Mandates provides an overview of the social, political, economic, and cultural histories of the Middle East in the decades between the end of the First World War and the late 1940s, when Britain and France abandoned their Mandates. It also situates the history of the Mandates in their wider imperial, international and global contexts, incorporating them into broader narratives of the interwar decades. In 27 thematically organised chapters, the volume looks at various aspects of the Mandates such as: The impact of the First World War and the development of a new state system The impact of the League of Nations and international governance Differing historical perspectives on the impact of the Mandates system Techniques and practices of government The political, social, economic and cultural experiences of the people living in and connected to the Mandates. This book provides the reader with a guide to both the history of the Middle East Mandates and their complex relation with the broader structures of imperial and international life. It will be a valuable resource for all scholars of this period of Middle Eastern and world history.
A History of Jewish-Muslim Relations

A History of Jewish-Muslim Relations

Author: Abdelwahab Meddeb, Benjamin Stora
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400849136
Pages: 1152
Year: 2013-11-27
This is the first encyclopedic guide to the history of relations between Jews and Muslims around the world from the birth of Islam to today. Richly illustrated and beautifully produced, the book features more than 150 authoritative and accessible articles by an international team of leading experts in history, politics, literature, anthropology, and philosophy. Organized thematically and chronologically, this indispensable reference provides critical facts and balanced context for greater historical understanding and a more informed dialogue between Jews and Muslims. Part I covers the medieval period; Part II, the early modern period through the nineteenth century, in the Ottoman Empire, Africa, Asia, and Europe; Part III, the twentieth century, including the exile of Jews from the Muslim world, Jews and Muslims in Israel, and Jewish-Muslim politics; and Part IV, intersections between Jewish and Muslim origins, philosophy, scholarship, art, ritual, and beliefs. The main articles address major topics such as the Jews of Arabia at the origin of Islam; special profiles cover important individuals and places; and excerpts from primary sources provide contemporary views on historical events. Contributors include Mark R. Cohen, Alain Dieckhoff, Michael Laskier, Vera Moreen, Gordon D. Newby, Marina Rustow, Daniel Schroeter, Kirsten Schulze, Mark Tessler, John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and many more. Covers the history of relations between Jews and Muslims around the world from the birth of Islam to today Written by an international team of leading scholars Features in-depth articles on social, political, and cultural history Includes profiles of important people (Eliyahu Capsali, Joseph Nasi, Mohammed V, Martin Buber, Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin, Edward Said, Messali Hadj, Mahmoud Darwish) and places (Jerusalem, Alexandria, Baghdad) Presents passages from essential documents of each historical period, such as the Cairo Geniza, Al-Sira, and Judeo-Persian illuminated manuscripts Richly illustrated with more than 250 images, including maps and color photographs Includes extensive cross-references, bibliographies, and an index
Echos d'Orient

Echos d'Orient

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 1906

Histoire générale du IVe siècle à nos jours

Histoire générale du IVe siècle à nos jours

Author: Alfred Rambaud
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 1898

Histoire générale du IVe siècle à nos jours

Histoire générale du IVe siècle à nos jours

Author: Ernest Lavisse
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 1024
Year: 1898

La Question d'Orient depuis ses origines jusqu'à nos jours ... Préface de M. Gabriel Monod

La Question d'Orient depuis ses origines jusqu'à nos jours ... Préface de M. Gabriel Monod

Author: J. Édouard DRIAULT, Gabriel Jacques Jean MONOD
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 407
Year: 1898

Violence in the Middle East

Violence in the Middle East

Author: Hamit Bozarslan
Publisher: Markus Wiener Publishers
ISBN: 1558763090
Pages: 161
Year: 2004
Violence has been a central political issue in the Middle East during the past two decades, either episodically (Syria, Iran), or continually (Turkey, Egypt, Algeria, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Israel/Palestine). This groundbreaking new study sheds light on the dynamics of this phenomenon by going beyond factors usually cited as the root causeseconomy, religion, and cultureand investigating the political structure that actually triggers this violence. Initially, violence seems to be a rational instrument in contested power relations, but it often evolves into fragmented and privatized forms, such as warlords, or to nihilistic, sacrificial, or messianic forms.This book explores the ways in which the criminalization of political, ethnic, and sectarian identities has contributed to the formation of a tragic mind that perceives violence as the surest provider of justice and hope. Only this in-depth research combining the cognitive, social, and religious sciences, as well as different problematiques such as the emergence of new religiosity, can allow us to understand the logic behind those attacks and the self-sacrificing forms of violence.Hamit Bozarslan, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, is the author of several books, including La question kurde: Etats et Minorities au Moyen-Orient.
The Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide

Author: Raymond Kevorkian
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730207
Pages: 1040
Year: 2011-03-30
The Armenian Genocide was one of the greatest atrocities of the twentieth century, an episode in which up to 1.5 million Armenians lost their lives. In this major new history, Raymond Kévorkian provides a long-awaited authoritative account of origins, events, and consequences of the years 1915 and 1916. Kévorkian explains and analyses the debates that occurred within the elite circles of the Young Turks, and traces the roots of the violence that would be raged upon the Ottoman Armenians. Uniquely, this is also a geographical account of the Armenian genocide, documenting its course region by region, including a complete account of the deportations, massacres and resistance that occurred. Kévorkian considers the role that the Armenian Genocide played in the construction of the Turkish nation state and Turkish identity, as well as exploring the ideologies of power, rule, and state violence, presenting an important contribution to the understanding of how such destruction could have occurred. Thus, Kévorkian examines the history of the Young Turks and the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire as they came into conflict with one another, taking into consideration the institutional, political, social and even psychological mechanisms that culminated in the destruction of the Ottoman Armenians. Beginning with an exploration of the origins of the Young Turk Revolution in 1908, Kévorkian analyses the decision making process which led to the terrible fate of those who were deported to the concentration camps of Aleppo and along the Euphrates. Crucially, 'The Armenian Genocide' also examines the consequences of the violence against the Armenians, the implications of the expropriation of property and assets, and deportations, as well as the attempts to bring those who committed atrocities to justice. This covers the documents from the Mazhar Governmental Commission of Inquiry and the formation of courts martial by the Ottoman authorities, and the findings of the March 1920 Committee for the Protection of the Minorities in Turkey, created by the League of Nations. Kévorkian offers a detailed and meticulous account of the Armenian Genocide, providing an authoritative analysis of the events and their impact upon the Armenian community itself, as well as the development of the Turkish state. This important book will serve as an indispensable resource to historians of the period, as well as those wishing to understand the history of genocidal violence more generally.
Histoire de la guerre d'orient, 1

Histoire de la guerre d'orient, 1

Author: A. H. Dufour
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 292
Year: 1852

Les Turcs et les Russes : histoire de la guerre d'Orient

Les Turcs et les Russes : histoire de la guerre d'Orient

Author: Hippolyte Dumas de Lamarche
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 68
Year: 1855

Histoire de la guerre d'Orient

Histoire de la guerre d'Orient

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 1860