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Transforming Paris

Transforming Paris

Author: David P. Jordan
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439106010
Pages: 455
Year: 1995-01-01
The Paris we know today, with its grand boulevards, its bridges and parks, its monumental beauty, was essentially built in only seventeen years, in the middle of the nineteenth century. In this brief period, whole neighborhoods of medieval and revolutionary Paris -- over-crowded, dangerous, and filthy -- were razed, and from the rubble a modern city of light and air emerged. This triumphant rebuilding was chiefly the work of one man, Baron Georges Haussmann, Napoleon III's Prefect of the Seine. It was Haussmann's task to assert, in stone, the power and permanence of Paris, to show the world that it was the seat of an empire of mythic proportions. To this end, he imposed grand visual perspectives, as when he transformed Napoleon I's Arc de Triomphe into a magnificent twelve-armed star from which radiated the broadest boulevards of Europe. Below ground, his modern sewer system became one of the wonders of the civilized world, eagerly toured by royalty and commoners alike. Haussmann's mandate was not only to create an impression of grandeur but to secure the city for better control by government. By creating formal spaces where there had previously been a maze of chaotic streets, Haussmann opened Paris to effective police control and thwarted the recurrent demonstration of its well-known revolutionary fervor. The determined and autocratic Haussmann imprinted rational order and bourgeois civility on the unruly city which had for so long simmered with riot and insurrection. Though he planted chestnut trees, installed gas lights, rebuilt the water supply, and improved transportation and housing, Haussmann's labors were (and remain) controversial. He forced tens of thousands of the poor from the center of the city, and destroyed significant parts of old Paris. But in this important new biography David Jordan reminds us that Haussmann was not immune to the charms of the old city. By leaving some areas intact, the Baron achieved the grand effect of implanting a modern city boldly within an ancient one. Here, at last, Haussmann's labors are given the aesthetic as well as the historical appreciation they deserve.
European Urbanization, 1500-1800

European Urbanization, 1500-1800

Author: Jan De Vries
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415417686
Pages: 398
Year: 2006-12-21
In European Urbanization Jan de Vries provides a comprehensive data base for understanding the nature of the changes that took place in European cities from 1500 to 1800. The book is based on an immense systematic survey of the population history of 379 European cities with 10,000 or more inhabitants analysed at fifty-year intervals. Using a wide range of economic, demographic and geographic models, Professor de Vries illustrates the patterns of urban growth, draws conclusions about the significance of migratory behaviour and shows the effects of urbanization on the history of Europe as a whole. Presenting these broad measures in urbanization the book makes the case that the cities of Europe gradually came to form a single urban system. The properties of this system are analysed with the use of several different geographical concepts: rank-size distribution, transition matrices and potential surfaces, among others. This examination of the fortunes of cities of different sizes and regions and the economic and political factors that affected their development is fundamentally important for understanding modern Europe and contemporary problems of urban development. Jan de Vries mines these rich, complex data to give us a balanced view of the dynamics of change in urban, pre-industrial society. This book was first published in 1984.
Memory, History, and Autobiography in Early Modern Towns in East and West

Memory, History, and Autobiography in Early Modern Towns in East and West

Author: Vanessa Harding, K?ichi Watanabe
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 144388197X
Pages: 150
Year: 2015

Landscapes of Ambition

Landscapes of Ambition

Author: Heather Eleanor MacDonald
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 694
Year: 2004

Living in the City

Living in the City

Author: John Dunne, Paul Janssens
Publisher: Brepols Pub
ISBN: 250352026X
Pages: 255
Year: 2008
The country house, chateau or rural palazzo set in extensive grounds may have been the ultimate badge of social pre-eminence but invariably their owners spent much of the year in the city. To this extent urban living was common to all elites worthy of the name, whatever their origin or source of wealth or power. Needless to say, though, how different elite groups experienced town life varied greatly. Focussing on the most basic aspect of urban living, this collection is concerned with the study of the places and types of residence of urban elites. Recently a number of historians have begun to explore the residential choices made by elites in the urban context, both as an important constituent of lifestyle and as a marker of elite identity and difference. However, whereas these studies have tended to focus on one particular elite group, a single place or one type of urban residence - such as aristocratic hotels - the current volume is original in exploring the patterns and logic of residential choices made by different elite groups in a variety of urban settings, in Britain, France and Italy, from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. Each of the book's nine substantive chapters is written in either English or French (with an abstract in the other language) by a leading specialist either on elites or in the field of urban history. The volume arises out of two meetings of the specialists concerned, which gives it a degree of coherence rarely achieved in collections of this sort. A substantial essay by the editors points to similarities and contrasts between the specific cases and identifies key issues requiring further research.
Histoire de la France urbaine

Histoire de la France urbaine

Author: Roger Chartier
Publisher: Seuil
ISBN: 2020059789
Pages: 651
Year: 1985

Cities and catastrophes

Cities and catastrophes

Author: Harold L. Platt, Dieter Schott
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc
ISBN:
Pages: 241
Year: 2002
Catastrophes resulting from natural causes like earthquakes, fires, and floods have destroyed significant parts of many cities in Europe and North America. Contributions to this volume explore how cities experienced these disasters, how cities co
Albi au XVIe siècle

Albi au XVIe siècle

Author: Olivier Cabayé, Nicole Lemaître
Publisher: Presses de l'Université des Sciences Sociales de Toulouse
ISBN:
Pages: 901
Year: 2008

Perpignan, de la place forte à la ville ouverte

Perpignan, de la place forte à la ville ouverte

Author: Antoine de Roux
Publisher:
ISBN: 2909444031
Pages: 499
Year: 1996

La France du beau XVIe siècle

La France du beau XVIe siècle

Author: Bernard Quilliet
Publisher: Fayard
ISBN: 2213649456
Pages: 683
Year: 2014-04-01
Il ne se trouve guère de périodes heureuses entre la fin du Moyen Age et le Grand Siècle : guerre étrangère ou guerre civile - qui souvent se conjuguent -, calamités météorologiques, famines, épidémies sont d'une terrible banalité aux Temps modernes. La France des années 1490-1560 n'en paraît que plus lumineuse au sortir d'un XVè siècle qui a connu à peu près tous les fléaux imaginables avant d'entrer dans la nuit des guerres de Religion avec leur cortège de massacres et de destructions. Sous les rois Valois Louis XII, François Ier et Henri II, plusieurs générations de Français ont connu sinon la paix un certain calme, sinon la prospérité une moindre crainte du lendemain, sinon la croyance au progrès une forme d'optimisme. De façon plus prononcée que dans le reste de l'Europe, la réorganisation de l'Etat, de l'armée et de la fiscalité, la stabilité politique, la quasi-absence de conflits sur le sol du royaume, la reprise démographique et jusqu'à la clémence du climat favorisent une amélioration du niveau de vie général. Tout indique d'ailleurs que les contemporains - et pas seulement les privilégiés, les lettrés, voire les chanceux - ont eu le sentiment de vivre un âge nouveau. La Renaissance en France, c'est bien entendu l'école de Fontainebleau et Ronsard, les Budé et Ambroise Paré, mais c'est aussi une indéniable joie de vivre et, partant, un regard différent posé sur le monde. Professeur émérite à l'université de Paris-VIII, Bernard Quilliet est l'auteur de nombreux ouvrages historiques, notamment, chez Fayard, de Louis XII (1986), et Guillaume le Taciturne (1994).
L'économie française aux XVIe, XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles

L'économie française aux XVIe, XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles

Author: Françoise Bayard, Philippe Guignet
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 264
Year: 1991
Sous l'impulsion d'Ernest Labrousse... des dizaines d'historiens ont analysé au cours des quatre dernières décennies les prix, les techniques, la production, la monnaie, les échanges, la démographie, la politique de l'Etat... Le livre que l'on nous propose aujourd'hui en fait l'inventaire... A l'honnêteté de la démarche, correspondent la qualité de l'information et la qualité pédagogique de l'exposé.
François Viète

François Viète

Author: Évelyne Barbin, Anne Boyé, Laurence Augereau
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 280
Year: 2005
François Viète (1540-1603) aurait sans doute marqué plus profondément l'histoire des mathématiques s'il avait eu le temps d'éditer ses travaux et d'y accorder plus de loisir. On découvrira ici non seulement une vue complète de son œuvre mais aussi - et surtout - la carrière d'un homme politique dans une époque extrêmement troublée. Savant très ambitieux, il produisit néanmoins son œuvre dans des conditions bien particulières ; aussi ne fut-elle que partiellement publiée de son vivant avant d'être poursuivie par quelques disciples puis oubliée en faveur des mathématiciens du XVIIe siècle qui succèdent à Viète, comme Descartes ou Fermat. La première partie retrace sa vie. La deuxième concerne son algèbre : le but, les applications et l'héritage. La troisième est consacrée à des aspects de ses mathématiques qui n'ont pas toujours été retenus par l'histoire. La dernière partie situe l'homme dans son époque. On y lira le récit d'un parcours complexe, non celui du seul cryptographe mais celui de l'homme politique, du négociateur ou encore du conseiller au parlement de Rennes. Chargé par le roi de " missions spéciales " au plus haut niveau, François Viète se mêlera aux luttes qui opposeront catholiques et protestants et finira par s'y engager. Cet ouvrage rétrospectif pose ainsi la question de l'ambition de l'homme politique. Un " politique " qui plaçait les intérêts de la France avant ses propres convictions religieuses, au point que celles-ci restent aujourd'hui mystérieuses.
Fêtes et manifestations publiques en Côte-d'Or pendant la Révolution française

Fêtes et manifestations publiques en Côte-d'Or pendant la Révolution française

Author: Frank Laidié
Publisher: PU Aix-Marseille
ISBN:
Pages: 416
Year: 2005
Texte d'une thèse de doctorat de droit soutenue en 1999, prix de thèse Henri Gazin 1999. Etudie les fêtes et manifestations publiques révolutionnaires dans le département de la Côte-d'Or, de 1790 à 1800. Analyse les objectifs en matière de propagande et d'instruction publique qui ont présidé à leur organisation, ainsi que leur cadre politique, institutionnel et administratif.
A History of New York

A History of New York

Author: François Weil
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231129343
Pages: 354
Year: 2004
New York is not America, François Weil writes, "but what America promises, perhaps its greatest promise." It may be hard to believe, then, that the quintessential symbol of American enterprise and energy was once quite low in the political and social hierarchy. Weil takes on the New York of myth and offers a compelling chronicle of how it actually developed into a global city -- what some have called the capital of the twenty-first century. He shows how the uneasy tension between capitalism and multiculturalism has been at the heart of the city's immense physical, social, economic, and cultural transformation -- as well as of American notions of what urban "space" is, for whom it exists, and how it is used. The book also captures what makes the city exceptional -- from the arts and literature to popular culture and party politics -- and reveals New York as both a unique space and a model of American diversity.
Noblesses et villes (1780-1950)

Noblesses et villes (1780-1950)

Author: Claude-Isabelle Brelot
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 374
Year: 1995