With the rapid advancement of information discovery techniques, machine learning and data mining continue to play a significant role in cybersecurity. Although several conferences, workshops, and journals focus on the fragmented research topics in this area, there has been no single interdisciplinary resource on past and current works and possible paths for future research in this area. This book fills this need. From basic concepts in machine learning and data mining to advanced problems in the machine learning domain, Data Mining and Machine Learning in Cybersecurity provides a unified reference for specific machine learning solutions to cybersecurity problems. It supplies a foundation in cybersecurity fundamentals and surveys contemporary challenges—detailing cutting-edge machine learning and data mining techniques. It also: Unveils cutting-edge techniques for detecting new attacks Contains in-depth discussions of machine learning solutions to detection problems Categorizes methods for detecting, scanning, and profiling intrusions and anomalies Surveys contemporary cybersecurity problems and unveils state-of-the-art machine learning and data mining solutions Details privacy-preserving data mining methods This interdisciplinary resource includes technique review tables that allow for speedy access to common cybersecurity problems and associated data mining methods. Numerous illustrative figures help readers visualize the workflow of complex techniques and more than forty case studies provide a clear understanding of the design and application of data mining and machine learning techniques in cybersecurity.
"Machine Learning and Data Mining for Computer Security" provides an overview of the current state of research in machine learning and data mining as it applies to problems in computer security. This book has a strong focus on information processing and combines and extends results from computer security. The first part of the book surveys the data sources, the learning and mining methods, evaluation methodologies, and past work relevant for computer security. The second part of the book consists of articles written by the top researchers working in this area. These articles deals with topics of host-based intrusion detection through the analysis of audit trails, of command sequences and of system calls as well as network intrusion detection through the analysis of TCP packets and the detection of malicious executables. This book fills the great need for a book that collects and frames work on developing and applying methods from machine learning and data mining to problems in computer security.
Machine Learning and Security
Author: Clarence Chio, David Freeman
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Can machine learning techniques solve our computer security problems and finally put an end to the cat-and-mouse game between attackers and defenders? Or is this hope merely hype? Now you can dive into the science and answer this question for yourself! With this practical guide, you’ll explore ways to apply machine learning to security issues such as intrusion detection, malware classification, and network analysis. Machine learning and security specialists Clarence Chio and David Freeman provide a framework for discussing the marriage of these two fields, as well as a toolkit of machine-learning algorithms that you can apply to an array of security problems. This book is ideal for security engineers and data scientists alike. Learn how machine learning has contributed to the success of modern spam filters Quickly detect anomalies, including breaches, fraud, and impending system failure Conduct malware analysis by extracting useful information from computer binaries Uncover attackers within the network by finding patterns inside datasets Examine how attackers exploit consumer-facing websites and app functionality Translate your machine learning algorithms from the lab to production Understand the threat attackers pose to machine learning solutions
Network Anomaly Detection
Author: Dhruba Kumar Bhattacharyya, Jugal Kumar Kalita
Publisher: CRC Press
With the rapid rise in the ubiquity and sophistication of Internet technology and the accompanying growth in the number of network attacks, network intrusion detection has become increasingly important. Anomaly-based network intrusion detection refers to finding exceptional or nonconforming patterns in network traffic data compared to normal behavior. Finding these anomalies has extensive applications in areas such as cyber security, credit card and insurance fraud detection, and military surveillance for enemy activities. Network Anomaly Detection: A Machine Learning Perspective presents machine learning techniques in depth to help you more effectively detect and counter network intrusion. In this book, you’ll learn about: Network anomalies and vulnerabilities at various layers The pros and cons of various machine learning techniques and algorithms A taxonomy of attacks based on their characteristics and behavior Feature selection algorithms How to assess the accuracy, performance, completeness, timeliness, stability, interoperability, reliability, and other dynamic aspects of a network anomaly detection system Practical tools for launching attacks, capturing packet or flow traffic, extracting features, detecting attacks, and evaluating detection performance Important unresolved issues and research challenges that need to be overcome to provide better protection for networks Examining numerous attacks in detail, the authors look at the tools that intruders use and show how to use this knowledge to protect networks. The book also provides material for hands-on development, so that you can code on a testbed to implement detection methods toward the development of your own intrusion detection system. It offers a thorough introduction to the state of the art in network anomaly detection using machine learning approaches and systems.
Data mining is becoming a pervasive technology in activities as diverse as using historical data to predict the success of a marketing campaign, looking for patterns in financial transactions to discover illegal activities or analyzing genome sequences. From this perspective, it was just a matter of time for the discipline to reach the important area of computer security. Applications Of Data Mining In Computer Security presents a collection of research efforts on the use of data mining in computer security. Applications Of Data Mining In Computer Security concentrates heavily on the use of data mining in the area of intrusion detection. The reason for this is twofold. First, the volume of data dealing with both network and host activity is so large that it makes it an ideal candidate for using data mining techniques. Second, intrusion detection is an extremely critical activity. This book also addresses the application of data mining to computer forensics. This is a crucial area that seeks to address the needs of law enforcement in analyzing the digital evidence.
The application of data warehousing and data mining techniques to computer security is an important emerging area, as information processing and internet accessibility costs decline and more and more organizations become vulnerable to cyber attacks. These security breaches include attacks on single computers, computer networks, wireless networks, databases, or authentication compromises. This book describes data warehousing and data mining techniques that can be used to detect attacks. It is designed to be a useful handbook for practitioners and researchers in industry, and is also suitable as a text for advanced-level students in computer science.
There is increasing pressure to protect computer networks against unauthorized intrusion, and some work in this area is concerned with engineering systems that are robust to attack. However, no system can be made invulnerable. Data Analysis for Network Cyber-Security focuses on monitoring and analyzing network traffic data, with the intention of preventing, or quickly identifying, malicious activity. Such work involves the intersection of statistics, data mining and computer science. Fundamentally, network traffic is relational, embodying a link between devices. As such, graph analysis approaches are a natural candidate. However, such methods do not scale well to the demands of real problems, and the critical aspect of the timing of communications events is not accounted for in these approaches. This book gathers papers from leading researchers to provide both background to the problems and a description of cutting-edge methodology. The contributors are from diverse institutions and areas of expertise and were brought together at a workshop held at the University of Bristol in March 2013 to address the issues of network cyber security. The workshop was supported by the Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research. Contents:Inference for Graphs and Networks: Adapting Classical Tools to Modern Data (Benjamin P Olding and Patrick J Wolfe)Rapid Detection of Attacks in Computer Networks by Quickest Changepoint Detection Methods (Alexander G Tartakovsky)Statistical Detection of Intruders Within Computer Networks Using Scan Statistics (Joshua Neil, Curtis Storlie, Curtis Hash and Alex Brugh)Characterizing Dynamic Group Behavior in Social Networks for Cybernetics (Sumeet Dua and Pradeep Chowriappa)Several Approaches for Detecting Anomalies in Network Traffic Data (Céline Lévy-Leduc)Monitoring a Device in a Communication Network (Nicholas A Heard and Melissa Turcotte) Readership: Researchers and graduate students in the fields of network traffic data analysis and network cyber security. Key Features:This book is unique in being a treatise on the statistical analysis of network traffic dataThe contributors are leading researches in the field and will give authoritative descriptions of cutting edge methodologyThe book features material from diverse areas, and as such forms a unified view of network cyber securityKeywords:Network Data Analysis;Cyber Security;Change Detection;Anomaly Detection
The book illustrates the inter-relationship between several data management, analytics and decision support techniques and methods commonly adopted in Cybersecurity-oriented frameworks. The recent advent of Big Data paradigms and the use of data science methods, has resulted in a higher demand for effective data-driven models that support decision-making at a strategic level. This motivates the need for defining novel data analytics and decision support approaches in a myriad of real-life scenarios and problems, with Cybersecurity-related domains being no exception. This contributed volume comprises nine chapters, written by leading international researchers, covering a compilation of recent advances in Cybersecurity-related applications of data analytics and decision support approaches. In addition to theoretical studies and overviews of existing relevant literature, this book comprises a selection of application-oriented research contributions. The investigations undertaken across these chapters focus on diverse and critical Cybersecurity problems, such as Intrusion Detection, Insider Threats, Insider Threats, Collusion Detection, Run-Time Malware Detection, Intrusion Detection, E-Learning, Online Examinations, Cybersecurity noisy data removal, Secure Smart Power Systems, Security Visualization and Monitoring. Researchers and professionals alike will find the chapters an essential read for further research on the topic.
Big data is presenting challenges to cybersecurity. For an example, the Internet of Things (IoT) will reportedly soon generate a staggering 400 zettabytes (ZB) of data a year. Self-driving cars are predicted to churn out 4000 GB of data per hour of driving. Big data analytics, as an emerging analytical technology, o?ers the capability to collect, store, process, and visualize these vast amounts of data. Big Data Analytics in Cybersecurity examines security challenges surrounding big data and provides actionable insights that can be used to improve the current practices of network operators and administrators. Applying big data analytics in cybersecurity is critical. By exploiting data from the networks and computers, analysts can discover useful network information from data. Decision makers can make more informative decisions by using this analysis, including what actions need to be performed, and improvement recommendations to policies, guidelines, procedures, tools, and other aspects of the network processes. Bringing together experts from academia, government laboratories, and industry, the book provides insight to both new and more experienced security professionals, as well as data analytics professionals who have varying levels of cybersecurity expertise. It covers a wide range of topics in cybersecurity, which include: Network forensics Threat analysis Vulnerability assessment Visualization Cyber training. In addition, emerging security domains such as the IoT, cloud computing, fog computing, mobile computing, and cyber-social networks are examined. The book ?rst focuses on how big data analytics can be used in di?erent aspects of cybersecurity including network forensics, root-cause analysis, and security training. Next it discusses big data challenges and solutions in such emerging cybersecurity domains as fog computing, IoT, and mobile app security. The book concludes by presenting the tools and datasets for future cybersecurity research.
Increasingly, crimes and fraud are digital in nature, occurring at breakneck speed and encompassing large volumes of data. To combat this unlawful activity, knowledge about the use of machine learning technology and software is critical. Machine Learning Forensics for Law Enforcement, Security, and Intelligence integrates an assortment of deductive and instructive tools, techniques, and technologies to arm professionals with the tools they need to be prepared and stay ahead of the game. Step-by-step instructions The book is a practical guide on how to conduct forensic investigations using self-organizing clustering map (SOM) neural networks, text extraction, and rule generating software to "interrogate the evidence." This powerful data is indispensable for fraud detection, cybersecurity, competitive counterintelligence, and corporate and litigation investigations. The book also provides step-by-step instructions on how to construct adaptive criminal and fraud detection systems for organizations. Prediction is the key Internet activity, email, and wireless communications can be captured, modeled, and deployed in order to anticipate potential cyber attacks and other types of crimes. The successful prediction of human reactions and server actions by quantifying their behaviors is invaluable for pre-empting criminal activity. This volume assists chief information officers, law enforcement personnel, legal and IT professionals, investigators, and competitive intelligence analysts in the strategic planning needed to recognize the patterns of criminal activities in order to predict when and where crimes and intrusions are likely to take place.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the first International Symposium on Cyber Security Cryptography and Machine Learning, held in Beer-Sheva, Israel, in June 2017. The 17 full and 4 short papers presented include cyber security; secure software development methodologies, formal methods semantics and verification of secure systems; fault tolerance, reliability, availability of distributed secure systems; game-theoretic approaches to secure computing; automatic recovery of self-stabilizing and self-organizing systems; communication, authentication and identification security; cyber security for mobile and Internet of things; cyber security of corporations; security and privacy for cloud, edge and fog computing; cryptography; cryptographic implementation analysis and construction; secure multi-party computation; privacy-enhancing technologies and anonymity; post-quantum cryptography and security; machine learning and big data; anomaly detection and malware identification; business intelligence and security; digital forensics; digital rights management; trust management and reputation systems; information retrieval, risk analysis, DoS.
Machine Learning in Cyber Trust
Author: Jeffrey J. P. Tsai, Philip S. Yu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Many networked computer systems are far too vulnerable to cyber attacks that can inhibit their functioning, corrupt important data, or expose private information. Not surprisingly, the field of cyber-based systems is a fertile ground where many tasks can be formulated as learning problems and approached in terms of machine learning algorithms. This book contains original materials by leading researchers in the area and covers applications of different machine learning methods in the reliability, security, performance, and privacy issues of cyber space. It enables readers to discover what types of learning methods are at their disposal, summarizing the state-of-the-practice in this significant area, and giving a classification of existing work. Those working in the field of cyber-based systems, including industrial managers, researchers, engineers, and graduate and senior undergraduate students will find this an indispensable guide in creating systems resistant to and tolerant of cyber attacks.
Introduction to Machine Learning with Applications in Information Security provides a class-tested introduction to a wide variety of machine learning algorithms, reinforced through realistic applications. The book is accessible and doesn’t prove theorems, or otherwise dwell on mathematical theory. The goal is to present topics at an intuitive level, with just enough detail to clarify the underlying concepts. The book covers core machine learning topics in-depth, including Hidden Markov Models, Principal Component Analysis, Support Vector Machines, and Clustering. It also includes coverage of Nearest Neighbors, Neural Networks, Boosting and AdaBoost, Random Forests, Linear Discriminant Analysis, Vector Quantization, Naive Bayes, Regression Analysis, Conditional Random Fields, and Data Analysis. Most of the examples in the book are drawn from the field of information security, with many of the machine learning applications specifically focused on malware. The applications presented are designed to demystify machine learning techniques by providing straightforward scenarios. Many of the exercises in this book require some programming, and basic computing concepts are assumed in a few of the application sections. However, anyone with a modest amount of programming experience should have no trouble with this aspect of the book. Instructor resources, including PowerPoint slides, lecture videos, and other relevant material are provided on an accompanying website: http://www.cs.sjsu.edu/~stamp/ML/. For the reader’s benefit, the figures in the book are also available in electronic form, and in color. About the Author Mark Stamp has been a Professor of Computer Science at San Jose State University since 2002. Prior to that, he worked at the National Security Agency (NSA) for seven years, and a Silicon Valley startup company for two years. He received his Ph.D. from Texas Tech University in 1992. His love affair with machine learning began in the early 1990s, when he was working at the NSA, and continues today at SJSU, where he has supervised vast numbers of master’s student projects, most of which involve a combination of information security and machine learning.
Darkweb Cyber Threat Intelligence Mining
Author: John Robertson, Ahmad Diab, Ericsson Marin, Eric Nunes, Vivin Paliath, Jana Shakarian, Paulo Shakarian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The important and rapidly emerging new field known as 'cyber threat intelligence' explores the paradigm that defenders of computer networks gain a better understanding of their adversaries by understanding what assets they have available for an attack. In this book, a team of experts examines a new type of cyber threat intelligence from the heart of the malicious hacking underworld - the dark web. These highly secure sites have allowed anonymous communities of malicious hackers to exchange ideas and techniques, and to buy/sell malware and exploits. Aimed at both cybersecurity practitioners and researchers, this book represents a first step toward a better understanding of malicious hacking communities on the dark web and what to do about them. The authors examine real-world darkweb data through a combination of human and automated techniques to gain insight into these communities, describing both methodology and results.
This textbook presents fundamental machine learning concepts in an easy to understand manner by providing practical advice, using straightforward examples, and offering engaging discussions of relevant applications. The main topics include Bayesian classifiers, nearest-neighbor classifiers, linear and polynomial classifiers, decision trees, neural networks, and support vector machines. Later chapters show how to combine these simple tools by way of “boosting,” how to exploit them in more complicated domains, and how to deal with diverse advanced practical issues. One chapter is dedicated to the popular genetic algorithms. This revised edition contains three entirely new chapters on critical topics regarding the pragmatic application of machine learning in industry. The chapters examine multi-label domains, unsupervised learning and its use in deep learning, and logical approaches to induction. Numerous chapters have been expanded, and the presentation of the material has been enhanced. The book contains many new exercises, numerous solved examples, thought-provoking experiments, and computer assignments for independent work.